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Pompei. Necropoli di Porta di Sarno. Tomba monumentale e tombe sannitiche.

Pompeii. Porta Sarno Necropolis. Monumental Tomb and Samnite tombs.

 

Excavations

 

1910

Nel 1910 lo Spano registra a Porta di Nola una "via di circonvallazione": Secondo Senatore "Nel 1908, nello scavo dell’area fuori Porta di Nola, venne alla luce l’inizio di una ‘via di circonvallazione’ che si dirigeva verso Porta di Sarno rimanendo discosta circa 9 metri dalle mura."

In 1910 Spano records a "ring road" at Porta di Nola: Senatore comments "In 1908, in the excavation of the area outside Nola Gate, the beginning of a 'ring road/bypass' came to light, heading towards Sarno Gate and remaining about 9 meters from the walls."

See Notizie degli Scavi di Antichità, 1910, pp. 385-7.

See Senatore F, 1999. Necropoli e società nell’antica Pompei: In Pompei, il Vesuvio e la Penisola Sorrentina, p. 110, Note 76.

 

1998

Nell’estate del 1998, a circa 80 m. dalla cinta muraria è venuta alla luce una necropoli di età romana (al di sotto della quale si trovavano le tombe sannitiche): “la necropoli sembra essere stata abbandonata già prima dell’eruzione del 79 d.C.”

 

In the summer of 1998, about 80 m from the walls came to light a necropolis from Roman times (below which were Samnite graves): "the cemetery seems to have been abandoned even before the eruption of 79 A.D."

See Pompeii. Vesuvius AD 79, ‘Semestrale di Informazione e Cultura’, Autunno - Inverno 98/99, p. 4.

See Senatore F, 1999. Necropoli e società nell’antica Pompei: In Pompei, il Vesuvio e la Penisola Sorrentina, p. 111.

 

Scavi e scoperte nel suburbio di Pompei: Rivista di Studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 197-9.

 

I saggi preliminari eseguiti in occasione del progetto di raddoppio della linea ferroviaria Circumvesuviana, nel tratto Torre Annunziata - Scafati, misero in luce - nell'area fuori le mura, circa 80 m ad est dell'Anfiteatro – tratti di muratura di età romana in crollo. In seguito a ciò, fu avviata una campagna di scavo, volta a chiarire meglio il carattere e l'estensione dei ruderi, condotta dalla ditta Geomed e curata dall'archeologa dott.ssa L. Maggio.

 

Nello scavo condotto dal luglio scorso ad oggi, è stata messa in luce, al di sotto della consueta copertura di cenere e lapilli, un'area sepolcrale, delimitata verso SE da un muro in opera incerta (fig. 1). La struttura (dello spessore di 30 cm circa, con un'altezza di 1,20 m circa) corre in senso NE - SO ed è stata messa in luce per 21 m circa ma prosegue in entrambe le direzioni. Nell'area sepolcrale spicca un grande podio, in opera incerta intonacata su tutti i lati, sulla cui faccia superiore, delimitata da sponde modanate, resta traccia della parte inferiore di una statua di grandi dimensioni. In particolare, si riconosce la parte anteriore dei calzari e, sul lato posteriore, l'appoggio del bordo di una lunga tunica. L'intera struttura è in crollo ed appare parzialmente interrata nel paleosuolo del 79 d.C. Accanto ad essa emergono, anch'esse parzialmente interrate, due columelle in pietra lavica (fig. 2).

 

L'area è anche occupata da numerosi segnacoli funerari, sotto forma delle tipiche columelle. Sono oltre cinquanta, tutte in pietra lavica ed anepigrafi, ad eccezione di tre in marmo bianco, recanti tracce di un'iscrizione, una sola delle quali è chiaramente leggibile: CVRTIA PHYLE V(ixit) A(nnis) XXX. Anche la maggior parte delle columelle, in particolare quelle di pietra lavica, sembrano parzialmente interrate in uno strato di terra mista a bruciato, cocciame, frammenti di intonaco e di ossa: evidentemente uno strato di terra di riporto, dall'andamento irregolare, formatosi precedentemente all'eruzione del 79 d.C. Per contro, all'estremo sud dell'area, l'antico piano di calpestio risulta asportato fino a mettere in luce per circa 50 cm la fondazione del muro in opera incerta di cui si è detto. Il cavo, la cui motivazione ci è ignota, è, comunque, antico per essere completamente colmato da lapillo in sito. Inoltre, lungo tutto il muro, sul lato rivolto all'area funeraria, il piano di calpestio è incavato a formare un canale, forse per il deflusso delle acque meteoriche. Presso l'estremità sud del muro, al limite dell'area di scavo, è un'altra struttura della quale si può vedere solo uno spigolo, che non sembra congiungersi al muro: forse un altro podio di monumento funerario. Questo settore, verso NO, degrada bruscamente in una profonda scarpata, lungo la quale e sul fondo, sono frammenti di ceramica acroma, a vernice nera e a figure rosse italiota. Vi sono anche grossi setti murari in crollo, quasi certamente pertinenti al monumento funerario di cui si è detto. Lungo il bordo nord della scarpata. sono altre columelle in pietra lavica e anepigrafi. Su uno dei blocchi di muro in crollo, è conservata parte di iscrizione in lettere capitali rubricate, incavate nello stucco del rivestimento, leggibili come N LICISTIVS. Presso questa struttura si è recuperata una testa maschile in tufo, parte di statua. Un'altra testa in tufo, femminile, parte di statua, è stata rinvenuta sul fondo della scarpata. Una terza testa, femminile velata, anch'essa parte di statua, è stata rinvenuta utilizzata a modo di ornamento sulla faccia nord del muro in opera incerta che delimita l'area (fig. 3). Nell stesso muro è riutilizzata anche una columella di lava.

 

In definitiva, si ha l'impressione che tutta l'area, gravemente danneggiata dai terremoti occorsi dal 62 d.C. in poi, fosse in abbandono nel 79 d.C.

 

Quanto alla posizione topografica, si può osservare muro messo in luce si allinea, grosso modo, con gli assi stradali di via di Nola e via dell'Abbondanza, tanto da far pensare ad un proseguimento extra urbano dell'impianto viario urbano, cosa, del resto, che appare già confermata quanto riguarda via di Nola sulla base dei rinvenimenti (cfr. M. CONTICELLO DE SPAGNOLIS, in RSt Pomp III.: p. 41 sgg.). Tuttavia, l'area fino ad ora messa in luce è stata di circa 80 metri verso sud est rispetto all'ipotetico prolungamento fuori città dell'asse viario di via dell'Abbondanza. Al momento, si possono avanzare varie ipotesi:

 

- che l'area funeraria si estenda ancora considerevolmente verso Porta di Sarno (l'esplorazione condotta fino ad ora non ha evidenziato un limite in quella direzione) così da essere limitrofa e gravitante sull'asse viario costituito dal prolungamento extra urbano di via dell'Abbondanza.

 

- che la via dell'Abbondanza, fuori città, pieghi subito verso est, così da raggiugere l'area in oggetto (anche la via extra urbana non è mai stata esplorata) o che si immetta in una via anulare che circondi la città anche sul lato nordorientale.

 

- che il complesso individuato sia allineato con un altro asse viario, differente da quello di via dell'Abbondanza, ipotizzabile sulla base di recenti studi sull'urbanistica di Pompei (cfr. S. DE CARO, Lo sviluppo urbanistico di Pompei, in AttiMemMagnaGr, 1992, p. 77 sg., tav. V,2).

 

Ad arricchire e a rendere ulteriormente problematico il quadro noto, è un'altra struttura (un lungo muro in opera incerta) che emerge dalla scarpata del rilevato della ferrovia sul lato opposto a quello esplorato, nell'area demaniale sottostante l'Anfiteatro. Sebbene troppo distante, verosimilmente, per avere un collegamento diretto con le strutture scavate nell'area oggetto di indagine, potrebbe essere parte di un insieme che sarà interessante chiarire in futuro.

 

Alla luce di quanto sopra esposto, appare chiara la grande importanza di quanto è venuto alla luce grazie all'indagine condotta. Sia per gli stessi manufatti scoperti, che attestano una nuova area di necropoli romana e che potrebbero fornire ulteriori elementi di conoscenza sulle stesse necropoli di Pompei; sia per la topografia del suburbio nord orientale di Pompei, che potrebbe essere meglio chiarita. Permangono, tuttavia, forti elementi di incertezza dovuti, almeno in parte, al fatto che le strutture e, in generale, gli elementi di interesse archeologico, si estendono, come si è visto, oltre i limiti dell'area oggetto dell'attuale indagine, praticamente in tutte le direzioni. Incertezze che ricerche future si spera possano chiarire.

 

ANTONIO D' AMBROSIO

 

Vedi Rivista di Studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 197-9.

 

 

Our approximate translation:

Excavations and discoveries in the suburbs of Pompeii: Rivista di Studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 197-9.

 

The preliminary tests carried out on the occasion of the project for the doubling of the Circumvesuviana railway line, in the Torre Annunziata - Scafati section, brought to light - in the area outside the walls, about 80 m east of the Amphitheatre - sections of Roman-age masonry in collapse. Following this, an excavation campaign was started, aimed at better clarifying the character and the extension of the ruins, conducted by the Geomed company and managed by the archaeologist Dr L. Maggio.

 

In the excavation carried out from last July to the present day, a burial area was brought to light, below the usual covering of ash and lapilli, delimited towards the SE by an opus incerta wall in situ (fig. 1). The structure (about 30 cm thick, with a height of about 1.20 m) runs NE - SO and has been brought to light for about 21 m but continues in both directions. In the burial area stands a large podium, in opus incerta work plastered on all sides, on whose upper face, bordered by moulded sides, remains traces of the lower part of a large statue. In particular, the front of the shoes and the back of the edge of a long tunic can be recognized. The entire structure has collapsed and appears partially buried in the paleosoil of 79 AD. Next to it emerge, also partially buried, two columelle in lava stone (fig. 2).

 

The area is also occupied by numerous funerary markers, in the form of the typical columelle. There are over fifty, all in lava stone and without inscriptions, with the exception of three in white marble, bearing traces of an inscription, only one of which is clearly legible: CVRTIA PHYLE V(ixit) A(nnis) XXX. Also most of the columelle, in particular those of lava stone, seem partially buried in a layer of earth mixed with burnt, pottery, fragments of plaster and bones: evidently a layer of soil, irregularly shaped, formed before the eruption of 79 AD. On the other side, in the extreme south of the area, the ancient floor has been removed until the foundation of the wall has been brought to light for about 50 cm in opus incerta which we have mentioned. The hollow, whose purpose is unknown to us, is, however, ancient being completely filled by lapilli on site. In addition, along the whole wall, on the side facing the funerary area, the floor is hollowed out to form a channel, perhaps because of the runoff of storm water. At the southern end of the wall, at the edge of the excavation area, is another structure of which you can only see one edge, which does not seem to join the wall: perhaps another podium of funerary monument. This sector, towards NO, abruptly degrades into a deep escarpment, along which and at the bottom are fragments of achromatic ceramics, and black painted and red Italiote figures. There are also large collapsed wall sections, almost certainly pertinent to the funerary monument mentioned above. Along the northern edge of the escarpment are other columelle in lava stone and uninscribed. On one of the collapsing wall blocks, part of the inscription is preserved in red capital letters, hollowed out in the stucco of the covering, readable as N LICISTIVS. At this structure has been recovered a male head in tuff, part of a statue. Another tuff head, female, part of a statue, was found at the bottom of the escarpment. A third head, female veiled, also part of a statue, was found used as an ornamental ornament on the north face of the wall in opus incerta that delimits the area (fig. 3). A lava columella is also reused in the same wall.

 

Ultimately, one has the impression that the whole area, seriously damaged by earthquakes from 62 AD onwards, was abandoned before 79 AD.

 

As far as the topographical position is concerned, it can be observed that the wall brought to light aligns, roughly, with the road axes of Via di Nola and Via dell'Abbondanza, so much so as to suggest an extra-urban continuation of the urban road system, which, moreover, appears to be already confirmed as far as Via di Nola is concerned on the basis of the findings (see M. CONTICELLO DE SPAGNOLIS, in RSt Pomp III.: p. 41 ff.). However, the area so far uncovered was about 80 metres southeast of the hypothetical extension of the Via dell'Abbondanza road axis outside the city. At the moment, several hypotheses can be put forward:

 

- that the funeral area still extends considerably towards Porta di Sarno (the exploration conducted so far has not shown a limit in that direction) so as to be adjacent and gravitating on the road axis consisting of the extra-urban extension of Via dell'Abbondanza.

 

- that the Via dell'Abbondanza, outside the city, immediately bends eastwards, so as to reach the area in question (even the extra-urban road has never been explored) or that it enters a ring road that surrounds the city also on the north-eastern side.

 

- that the identified complex is aligned with another road axis, different from that of Via dell'Abbondanza, conceivable on the basis of recent studies on the urban planning of Pompeii (see S. DE CARO, Lo sviluppo urbanistico di Pompei, in Atti Mem Magna Gr, 1992, p. 77 sg., table V,2).

 

To enrich and make the known picture even more problematic, is another structure (a long wall in opus incerta) that emerges from the escarpment of the railway embankment on the opposite side to that explored, in the state-owned area below the Amphitheatre. Although too distant, probably, to have a direct connection with the structures excavated in the area under investigation, it could be part of a whole that will be interesting to clarify in the future.

 

In the light of the above, the great importance of what has come to light thanks to the investigation conducted seems clear. Both for the artifacts discovered, which attest to a new area of Roman necropolis and which could provide further elements of knowledge about the necropoli of Pompeii itself; and for the topography of the north-eastern suburbs of Pompeii, which could be better clarified. Strong elements of uncertainty remain, however, due, at least in part, to the fact that the structures and, in general, the elements of archaeological interest, as we have seen, extend beyond the limits of the area under investigation, in virtually all directions. Uncertainties that future research will hopefully clarify.

 

ANTONIO D' AMBROSIO

 

See Rivista di Studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 197-9.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 1998. Necropoli romana presso via Nolana. Area dello scavo. 
Roman necropolis near via Nolana. Area of excavations.
See D'Ambrosio A. Scavi e Scoperte nel suburbio di Pompei. Rivista di studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 197, fig. 1.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 1998. Necropoli romana presso via Nolana. Area dello scavo.

Roman necropolis near via Nolana. Area of excavations.

See D'Ambrosio A. Scavi e Scoperte nel suburbio di Pompei. Rivista di studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 197, fig. 1.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 1998. Necropoli romana presso via Nolana. Il monumento funerario in crollo. Nell'area sepolcrale spicca un grande podio, in opera incerta intonacata su tutti i lati, sulla cui faccia superiore, delimitata da sponde modanate, resta traccia della parte inferiore di una statua di grandi dimensioni. In particolare, si riconosce la parte anteriore dei calzari e, sul lato posteriore, l'appoggio del bordo di una lunga tunica.
Roman necropolis near via Nolana. Collapsed funerary monument. In the burial area stands a large podium, in opus incerta work plastered on all sides, on whose upper face, bordered by moulded sides, remains traces of the lower part of a large statue. In particular, the front of the shoes and the back of the edge of a long tunic can be recognized.
See D'Ambrosio A. Scavi e Scoperte nel suburbio di Pompei. Rivista di studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 198, fig. 2.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 1998. Necropoli romana presso via Nolana. Il monumento funerario in crollo. Nell'area sepolcrale spicca un grande podio, in opera incerta intonacata su tutti i lati, sulla cui faccia superiore, delimitata da sponde modanate, resta traccia della parte inferiore di una statua di grandi dimensioni. In particolare, si riconosce la parte anteriore dei calzari e, sul lato posteriore, l'appoggio del bordo di una lunga tunica.

Roman necropolis near via Nolana. Collapsed funerary monument. In the burial area stands a large podium, in opus incerta work plastered on all sides, on whose upper face, bordered by moulded sides, remains traces of the lower part of a large statue. In particular, the front of the shoes and the back of the edge of a long tunic can be recognized.

See D'Ambrosio A. Scavi e Scoperte nel suburbio di Pompei. Rivista di studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 198, fig. 2.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 1998. Necropoli romana presso via Nolana. Testa in tufo di statua funeraria. 
Roman necropolis near via Nolana. Tufa head of funerary statue.
See D'Ambrosio A. Scavi e Scoperte nel suburbio di Pompei. Rivista di studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 198, fig. 3.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 1998. Necropoli romana presso via Nolana. Testa in tufo di statua funeraria.

Roman necropolis near via Nolana. Tufa head of funerary statue.

See D'Ambrosio A. Scavi e Scoperte nel suburbio di Pompei. Rivista di studi Pompeiani IX, 1998, p. 198, fig. 3.

 

Porta di Sarno and East of the Amphitheatre

 

According to Virginia Campbell, excavations carried out in 1999 as part of the expansion of the Circumvesuviana revealed a collection of more than eighty graves, ranging from urns containing cremated remains often marked with a lava columella to simple holes.

 

Four marble columellae were also recovered, one of which bore the inscription:

Curtia Phyle v(ixit) a(nnis) XXX.

Curtia Phyle lived for 30 years.

 

Further excavation revealed three Samnite graves dating from the mid fourth to early third centuries BC.

 

Subsequently some exploration was done beyond the Porta di Sarno, where a funerary monument consisting of a large podium with no surviving superstructure or inscription was discovered. One columella marking an urn was found at the base of the rear of the podium. The tomb is surrounded by a wall of opus incertum, and root cavities suggest trees, likely cypress, were planted between the wall and the tomb.

 

A few meters south-east of the tomb, there are two pillars of opus incertum, on the top of which was stuck a marble slab with inscriptions, one illegible, the other contained the text:

 

L(ucius) Mettius M{arci) f(ilius) Poll(a tribu) /

Martialis Carr(?) /

specul(ator) mil(itavit) an(nos) X vix(it) an(nos) XXX.

 

Lucius Mettius Martialis, son of Marcus, member of the Pollan tribe, from Carre, speculator, served in the military for ten years, lived for thirty years.

 

See Campbell V. L., 2015. The Tombs of Pompeii: Organization, Space and Society. Oxford: Routledge, p. 337.

 

 

2018

From the Parco Archeologico di Pompei press releases

 

[PAP August 2018] At the necropolis of Porta Sarno, on the other hand, during an emergency excavation in 1998-99, some Samnite tombs and two Roman funerary enclosures were discovered. This summer began the first campaign of the scientific study and investigation project, object of the agreement with the Colegio de Doctores y Licenciados de Valencia, the Universidad Europea de Valencia and the Institut Valencià de restauració I Conservació under the direction of R. Albiach and L. Alapont, aimed at the restoration of the funerary monuments and the photogrammetric and planimetric documentation of the necropolis.

 

[PAP Agosto 2018] Presso la necropoli di Porta Sarno, invece, durante uno scavo di emergenza del 1998-99 furono scoperte alcune tombe sannitiche e due recinti funerari romani. Quest’estate si è avviata la prima campagna del progetto di studio e indagine scientifica, oggetto della convenzione con il Colegio de Doctores y Licenciados de Valencia, la Universidad Europea de Valencia e l’Institut Valencià de restauració I Conservació sotto la direzione di R. Albiach e L. Alapont, finalizzata al restauro dei monumenti funerari e alla documentazione fotogrammetrica e planimetrica della necropoli.

 

 

See http://pompeiisites.org/comunicati/nuovi-scavi-e-ricerche-a-pompei-2/

 

Necropoli di Porta Sarno Project Summary Report 2018

The works planned and carried out in the area of the Porta Sarno necropolis out during this first phase of the 2018 campaign, were the following:

1.-Evaluation of the State of Conservation
We note that since the excavation concluded in early 1999, it had been highly affected by environmental and anthropic factors.

There were frequent visits to the area demonstrated by waste material such as glass bottles, plastic and cans. on the surface and covered by the lapilli fallen from the stratigraphic cuts.

There were some architectural fragments on the curb of the via dell’ Abbondanza that had fallen from its original position, as well as an archaic capital that was on the secondary road. The stuccos of the funerary monuments and the rest of the structures had collapsed almost totally in these 19 years. In the press images it is seen that both the tombs of the praetorians and the funerary monument “a dado” on the podium were completely covered.


Much of the effort of this first has thus been invested in stopping this deterioration and preventing future collapse, which will be explained in the corresponding section, No. 5.


The stratigraphic sections of the excavation, formed by the lava levels that covered the city of Pompeii and the Vesuvian area in 79 AD, were once sheltered with rods, red plastic mesh and wooden planks to protect this fragile material against the inclemencies of the weather and the vibrations produced by the frequent passage of the Circumvesuviana train, but over the years these were collapsing in successive landslides.

Vegetation had also invaded numerous areas that had been cleared from it a few months before as well as on other occasions.

 

2.- Cleaning and Preparation Work for Future Interventions
On July 10, 2018, we began the cleaning and documentation of the necropolis, focusing, above all, on the structures affected by the degradation and with restoration needs as well as in the areas considered as priorities for future excavation work. The areas that were most widely cleaned were the following:


• Main road, via dell’Abbondanza, and the secondary road to the city bypass
• Funerary site with a monument “a dado” on a podium
• Funerary site with a collapsed monument “a colonnella
• Two tombs of praetorians
• Possible Samnite area next to the secondary road.


Special attention has been devoted to the cleaning of plants and moss that had grown on the walls, both to stop their deterioration and to be able to carry out the consolidation work and the 3D imaging of the structures.


Zone E was also cleaned from the funerary enclosure with monument “a dado” and it was seen that in zone N there is a wall – UE 1040 – that would have been part of another enclosure located towards the northern area of the excavation that would be already inside the cut stratigraphic Also in zone E, but in part S, there is another small monument similar to the ones near the Praetorians – EU 1039.

The lapilli that were removed during the cleaning process was left in the area that we agreed at the March meeting, to the NO of the excavation area.

Numerous general and detailed photographs of the excavation were made as well as all the structures and stratigraphic levels, before, during and at the end of the cleaning process.

The work concluded with covering with geotextile of the areas that were wanted to preserve in optimal conditions so that at the moment of beginning the excavation in 2019 they are in perfect condition and the work is not slowed down. These areas have been the following:

 

• Interior of the funerary enclosure that has the “a dado” monument on the podium
• Interior of the funerary site that has the collapsed “colonnato” monument
• Outside area of the funeral precincts next to the tombs of the praetorians
• Continuation of the pavement or rudus of pebbles and stones

 

Study and Documentation of the Walls
The space of the intervention was divided into different work zones, where the two funerary enclosures known to date in the necropolis stand out: – AREA A: Funerary site with a monument on podium. – AREA B: Funerary site with a monument of type “colonnato”.


The area outside these enclosures was also subdivided into several areas: – AREA C: Samnite necropolis. – AREA D: area east of site A. – AREA E: via dell’Abbondanza, E-OE direction. – AREA F: auxiliary road, N-S direction. – AREA G: Funerary monument south of the auxiliary road. – AREA H: Praetorian tombs area. – AREA J: space between the funeral precincts and the area of the Samnite necropolis. – AREA K: space between the two tracks.


As we have already said, the field work consisted solely in the clean-up and preparation of the site, focusing on the structures and above all on stopping the deterioration suffered by these since its discovery in 1998.


Therefore, the work at the level of sediments has consisted in the surface cleaning of the different areas where it is expected to work next year, until reaching the levels at which the excavation ended in 1998, removing the lapilli fallen from the cuts, in these last years, and the vegetation that covered the deposit, very abundant, in some areas.

 

Summary Author:

Llorenç Alapont (Ilustre Colegio Oficial de Doctores y Licenciados en Filosofía, Letras y Ciencias de Valencia y Castellón, Universidad Europea de Valencia) 

 

See FastiOnline Necropoli di Porta Sarno 2018 Use subject to CC BY-SA 4.0

 

2019

 

The 2019 excavation season will focus on two specific areas. The first area is in front of the walls of the façade of the funeral enclosures (Area J in pink on the plan above). This area was first brought to light during the preventive excavation campaign of the Porta Sarno Necropolis in 1998 (A. d'Ambrosio, Studi Pompeiani IX, 1998. L'Erma, Rome, 2000, pp. 195-198. [12: 23, 5/2/2018]). The presence of Samnite levels and specifically one Samnite tomb with goods is mentioned. The project’s objective in this area is to complete the excavation and study the layers and structures previously and partially excavated in order to confirm the Samnite levels of use on the site and to conduct a further investigation that seeks to verify the presence of other Samnite tombs belonging to an anterior burial necropolis.

Pompeii archaeology of death project at porta sarno 2019

 

2020

 

The 2020 excavation season will focus on two specific areas. The first area is located in front of the walls of the façade of the funeral enclosures (Area J). This area was first brought to light during the preventive excavation campaign of the Porta Sarno Necropolis in 1998. The presence of Samnite levels and specifically one Samnite tomb with goods is mentioned. The project’s objective in this area is to complete the excavation and study the layers and structures partially excavated in order to confirm the Samnite levels of use on the site and to conduct a further investigation that seeks to verify the presence of other Samnite tombs belonging to an anterior burial necropolis. The second and third areas are located north (Area B) and south (Area D) of the enclosure with funerary podium monument. The last year we completed the excavation and study of the partially excavated layers and structures, confirming the presence of cremations and locating and excavating them inside the funerary enclosure. By excavating them in this way, we will document the organization of the funerary enclosure and verify the stratigraphic sequence in order to prove the existence of multiple levels of use and occupation in the necropolis.

Pompeii archaeology of death project at porta sarno 2020

 

Excavations Plan 2018

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018 excavations plan.
See FastiOnline Necropoli di Porta Sarno 2018 Use subject to CC BY-SA 4.0
The space of the 2018 intervention was divided into different work zones, where the two funerary enclosures known to date in the necropolis stand out: 
AREA A: Funerary site with a monument on podium.
AREA B: Funerary site with a monument of type “colonnato”.
The area outside these enclosures was also subdivided into several areas:
AREA C: Samnite necropolis.
AREA D: area east of site A.
AREA E: via dell’Abbondanza, E-OE direction.
AREA F: auxiliary road, N-S direction.
AREA G: Funerary monument south of the auxiliary road.
AREA H: Praetorian tombs area.
AREA J: space between the funeral precincts and the area of the Samnite necropolis.
AREA K: space between the two tracks.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018 excavations plan.

See FastiOnline Necropoli di Porta Sarno 2018 Use subject to CC BY-SA 4.0

The space of the 2018 intervention was divided into different work zones, where the two funerary enclosures known to date in the necropolis stand out:

AREA A: Funerary site with a monument on podium.

AREA B: Funerary site with a monument of type “colonnato”.
The area outside these enclosures was also subdivided into several areas:

AREA C: Samnite necropolis.

AREA D: area east of site A.

AREA E: via dell’Abbondanza, E-OE direction.

AREA F: auxiliary road, N-S direction.

AREA G: Funerary monument south of the auxiliary road.

AREA H: Praetorian tombs area.

AREA J: space between the funeral precincts and the area of the Samnite necropolis.

AREA K: space between the two tracks.

 

Tomb areas

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. June 2010. Monumental tomb A (right) and enclosure with tomb B (left). Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. June 2010. Monumental tomb A (right) and enclosure with tomb B (left). Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. May 2011. Monumental tomb B left and tomb A right with enclosures.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. May 2011. Monumental tomb B left and tomb A right with enclosures.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. May 2006. Monumental tombs B and A and enclosures.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. May 2006. Monumental tombs B and A and enclosures.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. C.1999. Monumental tomb A.
Praetorian tombs area H is to the left with entrance to area B, funerary site with a monument of type “colonnato” behind.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. C.1999. Monumental tomb A.

Praetorian tombs area H is to the left with entrance to area B, funerary site with a monument of type “colonnato” behind.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018. Tomb enclosures B and A with area J to immediate right with area H at its end. 
In the hollow to the right of this are the Samnite necropolis area C, paved area F an auxiliary road in N-S direction., area K and paved area E, the continuation of the ancient road (now known as Via dell'Abbondanza).
The tombs are located outside the gate but are now on the other side of the railway line. 
See FastiOnline Necropoli di Porta Sarno 2018 Use subject to CC BY-SA 4.0

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018. Tomb enclosures B and A with area J to immediate right with area H at its end.

In the hollow to the right of this are the Samnite necropolis area C, paved area F an auxiliary road in N-S direction., area K and paved area E, the continuation of the ancient road (now known as Via dell'Abbondanza).

The tombs are located outside the gate but are now on the other side of the railway line.

See FastiOnline Necropoli di Porta Sarno 2018 Use subject to CC BY-SA 4.0

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. Panoramic view looking north. Tomb enclosures A and B are on the right with area D in front and area H to its left with area J the space between the funeral precincts and the area of the Samnite necropolis behind it. 
On the left of the picture are paved area E, area K and paved area E with square area G a funerary monument south of the auxiliary road still partially buried.
The continuation of the Via dell'Abbondanza, area E, the ancient road from the gate, now blocked by the railway, is to the left running west to east. Photo courtesy Necropolis of Porta Sarno Research Project.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. Panoramic view looking north. Tomb enclosures A and B are on the right with area D in front and area H to its left with area J the space between the funeral precincts and the area of the Samnite necropolis behind it.

On the left of the picture are paved area E, area K and paved area E with square area G a funerary monument south of the auxiliary road still partially buried.

The continuation of the Via dell'Abbondanza, area E, the ancient road from the gate, now blocked by the railway, is to the left running west to east.

Photo courtesy Necropolis of Porta Sarno Research Project.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. March 2018. Tomb area B, a funerary site with a monument of type “colonnato” is on the left with an arched entrance. 
Area A is the funerary site with a monument on a podium behind tomb B, with its entrance in the far end wall.
The grassed Area J, in front of tomb B, is the space between the funeral precincts and the area of the Samnite necropolis.
The separate stones on the far right are the area H, the Praetorian tombs area.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. March 2018. Tomb area B, a funerary site with a monument of type “colonnato” is on the left with an arched entrance.

Area A is the funerary site with a monument on a podium behind tomb B, with its entrance in the far end wall.

The grassed Area J, in front of tomb B, is the space between the funeral precincts and the area of the Samnite necropolis.

The separate stones on the far right are the area H, the Praetorian tombs area.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2017. Tomb enclosure A, funerary site with a monument on podium. Looking south to entrance and wall with arched openings.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2017. Tomb enclosure A, funerary site with a monument on podium.

Looking south to entrance and wall with arched openings. Photo courtesy Necropolis of Porta Sarno Research Project.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018. Podium tomb A. Funerary site with a monument on podium and enclosure.
The enclosure has its entrance on the south side which has a wall perforated by a series of small arches.
Photo courtesy Necropolis of Porta Sarno Research Project.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018. Podium tomb A. Funerary site with a monument on podium and enclosure.

The enclosure has its entrance on the south side which has a wall perforated by a series of small arches.

Photo courtesy Necropolis of Porta Sarno Research Project.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2017. Podium tomb A. Funerary site with a monument on podium and enclosure. View from above.
Area D is to the east (right) of the entrance.
See FastiOnline Necropoli di Porta Sarno 2018 Use subject to CC BY-SA 4.0

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2017. Podium tomb A. Funerary site with a monument on podium and enclosure. View from above.

Area D is to the east (right) of the entrance.

See FastiOnline Necropoli di Porta Sarno 2018 Use subject to CC BY-SA 4.0

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018. Area K with area F, the auxiliary road, N-S direction behind.
Photo courtesy Necropolis of Porta Sarno Research Project.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018. Area K with area F, the auxiliary road, N-S direction behind.

Photo courtesy Necropolis of Porta Sarno Research Project.

 

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018. Praetorian tombs area H with entrance to area B, funerary site with a monument of type “colonnato” behind.
Photo courtesy Necropolis of Porta Sarno Research Project.

Pompeii Porta Sarno Necropolis. 2018. Praetorian tombs area H with entrance to area B, funerary site with a monument of type “colonnato” behind.

Photo courtesy Necropolis of Porta Sarno Research Project.

 

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 14-Jun-2020 20:43