PompeiiinPictures

NGOF Pompeii. Porta Nola Tombs. Tomb of Marcus Obellius Firmus.

Excavated 1976. New excavations and restoration 2015 to 2017.

 

The tomb of Obellius Firmus, whose inscription on the front pediment records the funeral of M. Obellius Firmus, aedile and joint magistrate during the reign of the Emperor Nero, was discovered and partially excavated in 1976. The excavation recovered the funerary stele and a glass cinerary urn.

 

The new research of 2015 has discovered a further cremation burial inside the tomb. The ceramic vessel was accompanied by grave goods including a coin, dating to between AD 66 and AD 69, which provides new information concerning the dating of the structure. Furthermore, over 200 fragments of the ornately decorated bone covered funerary bed have been recovered, some of which have traces of the gold leaf decoration.

 

A key part of the latest multi-disciplinary project, is the conservation and restoration of the funerary monument. Experts from the conservation department of the Museum of Valencia have worked to consolidate the plaster and decorated stucco of the monument.

 

See http://www.bsr.ac.uk/new-research-and-discoveries-at-the-necropolis-of-porta-nola-pompeii

See http://www.cdlvalencia.org/

See http://www.museuprehistoriavalencia.es/

See The project on Soprintendenza web site

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. 
Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and ancient roadway running past the front, looking  north-east.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006.

Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and ancient roadway running past the front, looking  north-east.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and ancient roadway running past the front, looking west.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006.

Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and ancient roadway running past the front, looking west.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and roadway, looking east.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and roadway, looking east.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. 
Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and ancient road running past the front south side of it.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006.

Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and ancient road running past the front south side of it.

 

NGOF Pompeii. September 2011. Area at west side of Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

NGOF Pompeii. September 2011. Area at west side of Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

NGOF Pompeii. 2015. Tomb undergoing restoration by the conservation department of the Museum of Valencia.
Photo courtesy of Porta Nola Necropolis Project.
http://www.museuprehistoriavalencia.es/

NGOF Pompeii. 2015. Tomb undergoing restoration by the conservation department of the Museum of Valencia.

Photo courtesy of Porta Nola Necropolis Project.

http://www.museuprehistoriavalencia.es/

 

NGOF Pompeii. September 2011. Front south wall of Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

NGOF Pompeii. September 2011. Front south wall of Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Front south wall of Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Front south wall of Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

 

NGOF Pompeii, 1978. Front south wall of Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus, with graffiti. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J78f0565

NGOF Pompeii, 1978. Front south wall of Tomb of M. Obellius Firmus, with graffiti.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J78f0565

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Inscription on marble plaque on south wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Inscription on marble plaque on south wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

 

NGOF Pompeii. September 2011. Inscription on marble plaque from south wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
The inscription reads

M(arco) OBELLIO M(arci) F(ilio) FIRMO AEDILI
IIVIR(o) I(ure) D(icundo) HVIC DECURIONES LOC(um)
SEPVLTVRAE ET IN FVNER(ibus) HS IƆƆ CENSUER(unt) PAGANI
THURIS P(ondo) XXX ET CLUPEUM, MINISTR(i) EOR(um) IN ODORIB(us) HS CIƆ ET CLUPEUM

According to Cooley this translates as
To Marcus Obellius Firmus, son of Marcus, aedile, duumvir with judicial power. 
The town councillors decreed him a burial place and 5000 sesterces for his funeral;
the inhabitants of the country district decreed him 30 pounds of frankincense and a shield, and their attendants 1000 sesterces for perfumes, and a shield.
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii : A Sourcebook. London : Routledge. (p. 141, G12).
Franklin translates ministri as magistrates rather than attendants.
See Franklin J. L., 1999. Pompeis difficile est. University of Michigan. (p. 136).

NGOF Pompeii. September 2011. Inscription on marble plaque from south wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

The inscription reads

 

M(arco) OBELLIO M(arci) F(ilio) FIRMO AEDILI

IIVIR(o) I(ure) D(icundo) HVIC DECURIONES LOC(um)

SEPVLTVRAE ET IN FVNER(ibus) HS IƆƆ CENSUER(unt) PAGANI

THURIS P(ondo) XXX ET CLUPEUM, MINISTR(i) EOR(um) IN ODORIB(us) HS CIƆ ET CLUPEUM

 

According to Cooley this translates as

To Marcus Obellius Firmus, son of Marcus, aedile, duumvir with judicial power.

The town councillors decreed him a burial place and 5000 sesterces for his funeral;

the inhabitants of the country district decreed him 30 pounds of frankincense and a shield, and their attendants 1000 sesterces for perfumes, and a shield.

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii : A Sourcebook. London : Routledge. (p. 141, G12).

Franklin translates ministri as magistrates rather than attendants.

See Franklin J. L., 1999. Pompeis difficile est. University of Michigan. (p. 136).

 

NGOF Pompeii. Plan of the tomb. Stefano de Caro also shows two cross sections of the tomb.
See De Caro S., 1979. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, figs. 3-5, pp. 66-7.

NGOF Pompeii. Plan of the tomb. Stefano de Caro also shows two cross sections of the tomb.

See De Caro S., 1979. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, figs. 3-5, pp. 66-7.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Interior of the tomb of M. Obellius Firmus looking at rear of south wall.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Interior of the tomb of M. Obellius Firmus looking at rear of south wall.

 

NGOF Pompeii. 1976. The burial in the north-east  of the tomb.
According to Stefano de Caro, a marble columella in human shape, but without an inscription, indicated the place of the burial.
In front of this were two tiles lying flat and upside down on a thin bed of mortar.
Near the columella was a hole in the centre, protected, with the tip of an amphora.
Below it was the mouth of a terracotta tube used for the libations. 
Alongside this, at a depth on 20cm below the tomb floor, was a clear blue glass cinerary urn, in fragments, fitted with a matching lid and with handles in the shape of an “M”.
See De Caro S., 1976. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, figs. 8-9, pp. 71-3.

NGOF Pompeii. 1976. The burial in the north-east  of the tomb.

According to Stefano de Caro, a marble columella in human shape, but without an inscription, indicated the place of the burial.

In front of this were two tiles lying flat and upside down on a thin bed of mortar.

Near the columella was a hole in the centre, protected, with the tip of an amphora.

Below it was the mouth of a terracotta tube used for the libations.

Alongside this, at a depth on 20cm below the tomb floor, was a clear blue glass cinerary urn, in fragments, fitted with a matching lid and with handles in the shape of an “M”.

See De Caro S., 1976. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, figs. 8-9, pp. 71-3.

 

The new research of 2015 has discovered a further cremation burial inside the tomb.

The ceramic vessel was accompanied by grave goods including a coin, dating to between AD 66 and AD 69, which provides new information concerning the dating of the structure.

Furthermore, over 200 fragments of the ornately decorated bone covered funerary bed have been recovered, some of which have traces of the gold leaf decoration.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Graffiti on front south wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus. The tomb walls contained several painted inscriptions and graffiti, including an announcement of games.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Graffiti on front south wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

The tomb walls contained several painted inscriptions and graffiti, including an announcement of games.

 

NGOF Pompeii. Inscriptions on the front south wall of the tomb. Stefano de Caro lists 14 inscription on the sides of the tomb.
See De Caro S., 1979. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, pp. 65-80.

NGOF Pompeii. Inscriptions on the front south wall of the tomb. Stefano de Caro lists 14 inscription on the sides of the tomb.

See De Caro S., 1979. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, pp. 65-80.

 

NGOF Pompeii. Inscriptions on west wall of tomb.
See De Caro S., 1976. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, fig. 11, p. 76.

NGOF Pompeii. Inscriptions on west wall of tomb.

See De Caro S., 1976. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, fig. 11, p. 76.

 

NGOF Pompeii. Inscription on east wall of tomb.
See De Caro S., 1976. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, fig. 12, p. 78.

NGOF Pompeii. Inscription on east wall of tomb.

See De Caro S., 1976. Scavi nell’area fuori Porta Nola a Pompei: Cronache Pompeiane V, fig. 12, p. 78.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Exterior of north rear wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Exterior of north rear wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. East side wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. East side wall of tomb of M. Obellius Firmus

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. 
Looking north at area between tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and tomb of Aesquillia Polla.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Location of a buttress that strengthened the road.

Looking north at area between tomb of M. Obellius Firmus and tomb of Aesquillia Polla.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. 
Looking west along roadway leading into unexcavated area near tomb of M. Obellius Firmus, on right.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006.

Looking west along roadway leading into unexcavated area near tomb of M. Obellius Firmus, on right.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Looking west from roadway leading into unexcavated lapilli showing surge layers and debris of 79AD.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006.

Looking west from roadway leading into unexcavated lapilli showing surge layers and debris of 79AD.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Lapilli layers of 79AD

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. Lapilli layers of 79AD

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. View from area north-west of tomb looking towards the city walls near the Nola Gate.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. View from area north-west of tomb looking towards the city walls near the Nola Gate.

 

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. View from area north of tombs looking towards the city walls near the Nola Gate.

NGOF Pompeii. May 2006. View from area north of tombs looking towards the city walls near the Nola Gate.

 

 

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 22-Oct-2018 14:43