De Caro, 1979, Cronache Pompeiana V, pp. 86-93, pp. 179-187.
Dobbins, J. J. and Foss, P. W., 2008. The World of Pompeii. Oxford: Routledge.
Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii : A Sourcebook. London : Routledge. G66-9, p.156.
Soprintendenza Archeologica di Pompei, 1998. Pompei Oltre la Vita: Nuove testimonianze dalle necropoli. Exhibition catalogue, pp. 39-42.
The praetorian guard was the emperor’s personal bodyguard.
The names of various praetorians from different cohorts appear in graffiti at Pompeii, which suggests that praetorians were present in the town on a number of different occasions.
In addition, one of the wax tablets of Caecilius Iucundus documents a transaction with a member of the guard stationed at Nuceria.
Four (probably) of the guard were buried together in a line just outside the Nolan Gate, possibly on public land.
This may have been an honour reserved for those who died in public service.
Their monuments are stone markers with rounded tops, a type of funerary monument similar to ones found elsewhere in Italy, but they are the only ones of their type so far discovered at Pompeii.
Perhaps the physical form of their monuments was intended to distinguish these burials at a glance as being those of outsiders.
By contrast, the burial of a praetorian from Pompeii is marked by a herm, the funerary monument typical of the region.
It is also located away from the other praetorians, outside the Stabian Gate.
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii : A Sourcebook. London : Routledge. G66–68, G69, H59, H79, p. 156.
Tomb NG1 Pompeii. Tomb of praetorian Lucius Betutius Niger, son of Quintus.
The inscription was on a marble slab with a rounded top, fixed in the ground, where a terracotta lidded jar containing the remains of the cremation was buried.
Next to this were the remains of the funeral pyre, including fragments of decorative bone, perhaps from a funerary couch.
Q(uinti) F(ilius) O(u)FEN(tina)
MIL(es) C(o)HO(rtis) II PR(aetoriae)
VIX(it) ANN(is) XX
MIL(itavit) ANN(is) II
Cooley translates this as
Lucius Betutius Niger, son of Quintus, of the Oufentinan tribe, soldier in the 2nd praetorian cohort.
Lived for 20 years, performed military service for 2 years.
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii : A Sourcebook. London : Routledge. G66, p. 156.
See De Caro, 1979, Cronache Pompeiana V, pp. 86-93
See Stefani G., in SAP, 1998. Pompei Oltre la Vita: Nuove testimonianze dalle necropoli, p. 40.