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VIII.5.36 Pompeii. Terme repubblicane. Republican Baths.

Excavated 1882, 1950 and 2015. (Strada dei Teatri 6).

Part 1.                                       Part 2

 

According to SAP, this is the oldest of the public baths in Pompeii.

It was excavated in 1950 by Amedeo Maiuri, who documented the layout, since it had not been the most investigated and the earth and vegetation had completely covered it.

See Terme Repubblicane on SAP web site

See Maiuri A., NdS 1950, pp. 116-136

New excavations began in 2015 by Freie Universität Berlin - Institut für Klassische Archäologie in collaboration with University of Oxford and SAP.

See Freie Universität Berlin - Institut für Klassische Archäologie

See Details on SAP site

 

According to Fagan, this small establishment occupies the south-east corner of insula VIII.5, with an entrance at 36. It was advantageously situated near the entrance to the triangular forum and the theatre. It was a double building with a palaestra like the other two baths, but on a much smaller scale, occupying only a section of the insula in which it stood. In 1999 it was overgrown and inaccessible.

 

Maiuri postulated a construction date of c. 90-80 B.C. This was based on the building materials and the primitive form of the hypocaust – whereby the floor was raised not on pillars but on continuous walls broken by diagonal openings. Maiuri thought it had been a privately owned facility as, unlike the Stabian and Forum Baths, no public inscriptions have been found, if any ever existed. It seems to have been abandoned in Augustan times, after half a century of operation, perhaps put out of business by the improvements in the comfort and amenities of the Stabian Baths in the Augustan extension. Seneca condemns a fickle public that abandoned older baths as more luxurious ones became available.

 

See Fagan G. G., 1999. Bathing in Public in the Roman World. Ann Arbor: Univ Michigan, p. 59-60 and note 64.

See Seneca Ep. 86.8-9. Moral letters to Lucilius (Epistulae morales ad Lucilium) - Letter 86 - on Wikisource

See Maiuri A., NdS 1950, p. 116-136.

 

VIII.6. Pompeii. September 2015. Vicolo delle Pareti Rosse looking west. VIII.5.36 side wall, on right.

VIII.6. Pompeii. September 2015. Vicolo delle Pareti Rosse looking west. VIII.5.36 side wall, on right.

 

VIII.6. Pompeii. December 2004. Vicolo delle Pareti Rosse looking west .VIII.5.36

VIII.6. Pompeii. December 2004. Vicolo delle Pareti Rosse looking west . VIII.5.36 side wall.

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. 1950 Maiuri plan of Terme repubblicane or Republican Baths.
See Notizie degli Scavi di Antichità, 1950, p. 117, fig. 1.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. 1950 Maiuri plan of Terme repubblicane or Republican Baths.

See Notizie degli Scavi di Antichità, 1950, p. 117, fig. 1.

 

VIII.5.36, Pompeii. September 2015. Entrance doorway, looking west.

VIII.5.36, Pompeii. September 2015. Entrance doorway, looking west.

 

VIII.5.36, Pompeii. September 2015. Looking north along west side of Via dei Teatri.

VIII.5.36, Pompeii. September 2015. Looking north along west side of Via dei Teatri.

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. September 2015. Looking south-west along wall on west side of Via del Teatri.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. September 2015. Looking south-west along wall on west side of Via dei Teatri.

 

 VIII.5.36, Pompeii. June 1962. Looking west towards entrance doorway, from outside the Triangular Forum. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VIII.5.36, Pompeii. June 1962. Looking west towards entrance doorway, from outside the Triangular Forum.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  December 2004. Entrance.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. December 2004. Entrance.

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Looking west from entrance.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking west from entrance. 

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Looking north west from entrance.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking north-west from entrance. 

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Looking north west from entrance.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking north-west from entrance. 

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Looking north west from entrance.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking north-west from entrance. 

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Looking north west from entrance.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking north-west from entrance. 

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Looking north west from entrance.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking north-west from entrance. 

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Looking north west from entrance.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking north-west from entrance. 

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Looking north west from entrance.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking north-west from entrance. 

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Taken from VIII.5.28.  Looking south towards entrance in corner.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. March 2009. Taken from VIII.5.28. 

Looking south towards entrance in corner.

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Looking south towards Triangular Forum. Taken from VIII.5.28.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. March 2009. 

Looking south towards Triangular Forum. Taken from VIII.5.28. 

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Taken from VIII.5.28.  Looking south.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. March 2009. Taken from VIII.5.28. Looking south.

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Taken from VIII.5.28.  Looking south.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. March 2009. Taken from VIII.5.28. Looking south.

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Taken from VIII.5.28.  Looking south.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. March 2009. Taken from VIII.5.28. Looking south.

 

VIII.5.36 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Taken from VIII.5.28.  Looking south west.

VIII.5.36 Pompeii. March 2009. Taken from VIII.5.28. Looking south-west.

 

 

Part 2