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VII.4.1 Pompeii. Tempio della Fortuna Augusta.

Temple of Fortuna Augusta.

Excavated 1823, 1826 and 1859. Restored 1908.

Part 1                                                                        Part 2

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii, on left. September 2005.  Via del Foro, looking south.      VII.5 on right.

VII.4.1 Pompeii, on left. September 2005.  Via del Foro, looking south.    VII.5 on right.

 

231679 Bestand-D-DAI-ROM-W.367.jpg
VII.4.1 Pompeii. W.367. Drawing of Temple of Fortuna Augusta.
See Gell, W, 1832.  Pompeiana: Vol 1.  London: Jennings and Chaplin.  (p.70, pl.XX)
Photo by Tatiana Warscher. With kind permission of DAI Rome, whose copyright it remains. 
See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilderbestand/231679

VII.4.1 Pompeii. W.367. Drawing of Temple of Fortuna Augusta.

See Gell, W, 1832.  Pompeiana: Vol 1.  London: Jennings and Chaplin.  (p.70, pl.XX)

Photo by Tatiana Warscher. With kind permission of DAI Rome, whose copyright it remains.

See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilderbestand/231679

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking east along Via della Fortuna showing the Temple on the right. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking east along Via della Fortuna showing the Temple on the right.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2015. Looking south-east along north wall of temple.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2015. Looking south-east along north wall of temple.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking south-east from crossroads towards entrances.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking south-east from crossroads towards entrances.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1968. Looking south-east from crossroads towards entrances. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J68f0370

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1968. Looking south-east from crossroads towards entrances.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J68f0370

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. About 1909, looking east towards crossroads outside entrance. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. About 1909, looking east towards crossroads outside entrance.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 19th century photo by G. Sommer. Looking east towards crossroads outside entrance.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 19th century photo by G. Sommer. Looking east towards crossroads outside entrance.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Undated photograph by Amodio, numbered 3016, from an album dated c.1873. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Undated photograph by Amodio, numbered 3016, from an album dated c.1873.

Looking east. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 19th century photo by G. Sommer. Looking east across crossroads to temple.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 19th century photo by G. Sommer. Looking east across crossroads to temple.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Between 1867 and 1874, looking east towards crossroads outside entrance.
Photo by Sommer and Behles. Photo courtesy of Charles Marty.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Between 1867 and 1874, looking east towards crossroads outside entrance.

Photo by Sommer and Behles. Photo courtesy of Charles Marty.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Undated photograph by Mauri, numbered 011. Looking east to temple. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Undated photograph by Mauri, numbered 011. Looking east to temple.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2010.  Looking east from Via del Foro.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2010.  Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2012. Looking east towards Temple of Fortuna. Photo courtesy of John Vanko. His father took the identical photo in February 1952, see below.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2012. Looking east towards Temple of Fortuna.

Photo courtesy of John Vanko. His father took the identical photo in February 1952, see below.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. February 1952. Looking east towards Temple of Fortuna. Photo courtesy of John Vanko. His father took this photo in 1952, identical to the one above.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. February 1952. Looking east towards Temple of Fortuna.

Photo courtesy of John Vanko. His father took this photo in 1952, identical to the one above.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2010. Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

Two small staircases of four steps led up from the via on each end. These led to a platform and were on either side of a rectangular altar.

After this platform another nine steps led up to the pronaos or entrance hall to the temple.

These steps were all found in a ruined state, but the ones on the left had been restored by the time Breton wrote in 1870.

Originally this podium would have had four white marble Corinthian columns across its façade, together with another column and pillar behind on either side.

Three capitals from these columns have been found, together with other architectural elements all in white marble.

See Breton, Ernest. 1870. Pompeia, Guide de visite a Pompei, 3rd ed. Paris, Guerin.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1959. Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J59f0520

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1959. Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J59f0520

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2015. Looking east on Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2015. Looking east on Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. September 2005.  Entrance on Via del Foro.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Entrance on Via del Foro.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2010. Looking east onto podium.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2010. Looking east onto podium.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Podium, looking east to cella, or sacred area.
According to Warscher in 1930, an inscription on the architrave could be read by any visitor knowing latin, as it was lying with other marble pieces on the floor of the cella.
See Warscher, T., 1930. Pompeii: in three hours. Rome: Industria Tipografica Imperia, (p.55) 

M(arcus) Tullius  M(arci)  f(ilius)  d(uum)v(ir)  i(ure)  d(icundo) ter(tium)  quinq(uennalis)  augur  tr(ibunus)  mil(itum)
a  pop(ulo)  aedem  Fortunae  August(ae) solo  et  peq(unia!)  sua       [CIL X 820]  

This was the Temple’s dedicatory inscription and according to Cooley translated as -
Marcus Tullius, son of Marcus. Duumvir with judicial power three times, quinquennial, augur, military tribune by popular demand, (built) the Temple of Augustan Fortune on his own land and at his own expense.
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii : A Sourcebook. London : Routledge. (p.93)

In February 1824 it was reported that various fragments of statues and four inscriptions upon different pieces of marble were also found: they were -  CIL X 820, see above. Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number MN 3853.

[Augu]sto  Caesari
[...]  parenti  patriae     [CIL X 823]   MN 3810

Agathemerus  Vetti
Suavis  Caesiae  Prim(a)e
Pothus  Numitori
Anteros  Lacutulani
minist(ri)  prim(ae)  Fortun(ae) Aug(ustae)  iuss(u) 
M(arci)  Stai  Rufi  Cn(aei)  Melissaei  d(uum)v(irorum)  i(ure)  d(icundo)
P(ublio)  Silio  L(ucio)  Volusio  Saturn(ino)  co(n)s(ulibus)     [CIL X 824]  MN 3768.   

Tauro  Statilio
Ti(berio)  Platilio(!)  Aelian(o)  co(n)s(ulibus)
L(ucius)  Statius  Faustus  pro
signo  quod  e  lege  Fortunae
Augustae  minist(r)orum  ponere
debebat  referente  Q(uinto)  Pompeio  Amethysto
quaestore  basis(!)  duas  marmorias  decrever[u]nt
pro  signo  poniret (!)       [CIL X 825]   MN3769

See PAH II, 96 and
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples : Nicola Longobardi. (p.128)

VII.4.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Podium, looking east to cella, or sacred area.

According to Warscher in 1930, an inscription on the architrave could be read by any visitor knowing Latin, as it was lying with other marble pieces on the floor of the cella.

See Warscher, T., 1930. Pompeii: in three hours. Rome: Industria Tipografica Imperia, (p.55)

 

M(arcus) Tullius  M(arci)  f(ilius)  d(uum)v(ir)  i(ure)  d(icundo) ter(tium)  quinq(uennalis)  augur  tr(ibunus)  mil(itum)

a  pop(ulo)  aedem  Fortunae  August(ae) solo  et  peq(unia!)  sua       [CIL X 820] 

 

This was the Temple’s dedicatory inscription and according to Cooley translated as -

 

Marcus Tullius, son of Marcus. Duumvir with judicial power three times, quinquennial, augur, military tribune by popular demand, (built) the Temple of Augustan Fortune on his own land and at his own expense.

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge. (p.93)

 

In February 1824 it was reported that various fragments of statues and four inscriptions upon different pieces of marble were also found: they were -

CIL X 820, see above. Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number MN 3853.

 

[Augu]sto  Caesari

[...]  parenti  patriae     [CIL X 823]   MN 3810

 

Agathemerus  Vetti

Suavis  Caesiae  Prim(a)e

Pothus  Numitori

Anteros  Lacutulani

minist(ri)  prim(ae)  Fortun(ae) Aug(ustae)  iuss(u)

M(arci)  Stai  Rufi  Cn(aei)  Melissaei  d(uum)v(irorum)  i(ure)  d(icundo)

P(ublio)  Silio  L(ucio)  Volusio  Saturn(ino)  co(n)s(ulibus)     [CIL X 824]  MN 3768.   

 

Tauro  Statilio

Ti(berio)  Platilio(!)  Aelian(o)  co(n)s(ulibus)

L(ucius)  Statius  Faustus  pro

signo  quod  e  lege  Fortunae

Augustae  minist(r)orum  ponere

debebat  referente  Q(uinto)  Pompeio  Amethysto

quaestore  basis(!)  duas  marmorias  decrever[u]nt

pro  signo  poniret (!)       [CIL X 825]   MN3769

 

See PAH II, 96 and

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples : Nicola Longobardi. (p.128)

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Sacred area or cella. At the rear against the east wall was a recess which contained a statue of Fortuna. This is now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number 6362.  The recess was bordered by two pilasters.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Sacred area or cella.

At the rear against the east wall was a recess which contained a statue of Fortuna.

This is now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number 6362.

The recess was bordered by two pilasters.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii.  December 2005.  Looking north from VII.4.2.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. December 2005. Looking north into the cella, from VII.4.2.

Originally the walls of the cella were lined with marble, and contained four recesses for statues on the sides.

 

 

Part 2