PompeiiinPictures

VI.17.10 Pompeii. Casa della Danzatrice or Casa di Diana I.

Linked to VI.17.9 and VI.17.11. First excavated c.1764.

 

According to Fiorelli –

“VI.17.10-11. La casa attigua preceduta da piccola vestibolo, seguito da tre gradini che la sollevano ancor piu dal livello della strada, tiene ai fianchi del suo atrio tuscanico sei cubicoli, ed ai lati della porta un sacrario (?), nonche la gradinata che montava alle stanze superiori; altra avendone pure adiacente alla porta, con ingresso dalla via, che discendeva nel piano sottoposto, sporgente sul pendio del colle al pari di varie altre case che vi stanno d’appresso. Oltre le ali essa mostra il tablino costeggiato da un’oecus, dalla fauce, e dal triclinio, cui sembra, facesse seguito un loggiato”.

See Fiorelli, G. (1875). Descrizione, (p.432)

See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p.159)

(translation –

“The neighbouring house preceded by a small vestibule, followed by three steps that take you up even more from the street level, leads to the tuscanic atrium with six cubicula and a shrine (?) at the side of the doorway, as well as the steps which led up to the upper rooms; another (steps) adjacent to the entrance doorway, and with another entrance from the street, that went down to the floor below which was protruding on the slope of the hill along with several other houses.  Other than the alae, the tablinum next to an oecus, the fauces, and the triclinium, which it seemed would have been followed by a terrace, could be seen”.

 

VI.17.9, 10 and 11 Pompeii, on south side of Via Consolare.
1824 plan of house at street level as drawn by Mazois
According to Mazois, fig. 1 of plate XXVIII, gave the plan of a dwelling, which although built on a narrow plot, it was a considerable dwelling because the terraced floors were built one above the other.
He considered the plan of the dwelling quite ordinary:
1:  entrance
2:  atrium
3.  impluvium with cistern mouth at the side
4:  several rooms, (cubiculae?)
5:  alae, in one of which were two tubs
6:  tablinum, open onto the terrace
9 and 10:  terraces, the one marked by the number 9 had a vaulted room (? une treille) on one of its sides that communicated with the lower floor
11:  passage/corridor that descended directly from the street to the lower floors
12:  another passage which gave entry to the dwelling by the corridor
13:  corridor, and leading to the floor below the first terrace by the gentle ramp 14,
14:  ramp
15:  courtyard
16, 17, 18, 19:  service rooms for the slaves, kitchen, eating area, etc.
The living rooms would have been on the first floor, and the stairs for getting there would have been above corridor 14, as indicated by the first stone steps that one notices at the corner of the courtyard.
20:  shops
See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot, p. 71, pl. XXVIII, fig I, house at street level.

VI.17.9, 10 and 11 Pompeii, on south side of Via Consolare.

1824 plan of house at street level as drawn by Mazois

According to Mazois, fig. 1 of plate XXVIII, gave the plan of a dwelling, which although built on a narrow plot, it was a considerable dwelling because the terraced floors were built one above the other.

He considered the plan of the dwelling as being quite ordinary:

1:  Entrance

2:  Atrium

3.  Impluvium with cistern mouth at the side

4:  Several rooms, (cubicula?)

5:  Alae, in one of which were two tubs

6:  Tablinum, open onto the terrace

9 and 10:  Terraces, the one marked by the number 9 had a vaulted room (? une treille) on one of its sides that communicated with the lower floor

11:  Passage/corridor that descended directly from the street to the lower floors

12:  Another passage which gave entry to the dwelling by the corridor

13:  Corridor, and leading to the floor below the first terrace by the gentle ramp 14,

14:  Ramp

15:  Courtyard

16, 17, 18, 19:  Service rooms for the slaves, kitchen, eating area, etc.

The living rooms would have been on the first floor, and the stairs for getting there would have been above corridor 14, as indicated by the first stone steps that one notices at the corner of the courtyard.

20:  Shops

See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei : Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot, p. 71, pl. XXVIII, fig I, house at street level.

 

VI.17.9, 10 and 11 Pompeii, on south side of Via Consolare.
1824 plan of the two lower floors as drawn by Mazois

The first of the two lower floors was devoted to the family, and the second to the baths.
1:  arriving by the gentle slope marked 11, in fig. 1.
2:  sequel to the gentle ramp to go down to the floor below, 
3:  rooms for the servants, 
4:  rooms,
5:  small room,
6:  windowed salon, 
7:  triclinium communicating by the vaulted room (?la treille) where the room 15, together with the corridor 16, leads to the kitchen area placed in the  
         rooms on the floor below, as one sees in fig.1;
8:  room heated in the winter by the baths placed below
9:  entrance to the baths, under the previous floor
10:  corridor or porticoes in front of the baths, the top of the front wall still supports the terrace. There is the appearance that this portico, as those in 
         other houses, gave onto the garden, and the garden onto the sea.
11:  room in the baths area, 
12:  baths area, 
13:  steam room,
14: 15:  two rooms in the baths area, 
16:  communication passage with the rooms,
17:  way below, under the city walls
See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot, p. 71, pl. XXVIII, fig II, house at lower level.

VI.17.9, 10 and 11 Pompeii, on south side of Via Consolare.

1824 plan of the two lower floors as drawn by Mazois

 

The first of the two lower floors was devoted to the family, and the second to the baths.

1:  Arriving by the gentle slope in passage marked 11, in fig. 1.

2:  Sequel to the gentle ramp to go down to the floor below,

3:  Rooms for the servants,

4:  Rooms,

5:  Small room,

6:  Windowed salon,

7:  Triclinium communicating by la treille (the vaulted room?) where the room 15, together with the corridor 16, leads to the kitchen area placed in the  

         rooms on the floor below, as one sees in fig.1;

8:  Room heated in the winter by the baths placed below

9:  Entrance to the baths, under the previous floor

10:  Corridor or porticoes in front of the baths, the top of the front wall still supports the terrace. There is the appearance that this portico, as those in

         other houses, gave onto the garden, and the garden onto the sea.

11:  Room in the baths area,

12:  Baths area,

13:  Steam room,

14: 15:  Two rooms in the baths area,

16:  Communication passage with the rooms,

17:  Way below, under the city walls

See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot, p. 71, pl. XXVIII, fig II, house at lower level.

 

VI.17.9, 10 and 11 Pompeii on west side of Via Consolare, as drawn by Mazois 1824. 
Plate XXIX offers a drawing of the house in order to make the above plans clearer.
The dotted lines aa and bb indicate the height that the walls are conserved, and those that have been interpreted in order to draw the restoration of this house. The lines dd and cc similarly indicate the line and height of the stairs and the passage/corridor marked 11, on the plan at fig.1.
See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei: Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot, pl. XXIX, (p.71).

VI.17.9, 10 and 11 Pompeii on west side of Via Consolare, as drawn by Mazois 1824.

Plate XXIX offers a drawing of the house in order to make the above plans clearer.

The dotted lines aa and bb indicate the height that the walls are conserved, and those that have been interpreted in order to draw the restoration of this house.

The lines dd and cc similarly indicate the line and height of the stairs and the passage/corridor marked 11, on the plan at fig.1.

See Mazois, F., 1824. Les Ruines de Pompei : Second Partie. Paris: Firmin Didot, pl. XXIX, (p.71).

 

VI.17.10, 9 and 8 Pompeii. October 2014. Street façade on west side of Via Consolare, looking south. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.17.10, 9 and 8 Pompeii. October 2014. Street façade on west side of Via Consolare, looking south.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2011. Looking south-west on Via Consolare towards raised pavement outside of entrance steps and doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2011.

Looking south-west on Via Consolare towards raised pavement outside of entrance steps.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2011. Looking west towards entrance steps and doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2011. Looking west towards entrance steps and doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2004. Entrance doorway with steps.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2004. Entrance doorway with steps.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2005. Ramp in pavement outside entrance on Via Consolare.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2005. Ramp in pavement outside entrance doorway on Via Consolare.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Entrance doorway.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Entrance doorway.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking west across atrium from entrance.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Looking west across atrium from entrance.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015. Entrance doorway steps down to street level.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015. Entrance doorway steps down to street level.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015. Looking south from entrance towards stairs to lower floor, (see VI.17.11).  The doorway on right, would lead to the south-east corner of the atrium.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015. Looking south from entrance towards steps to lower floor, (see VI.17.11).

The doorway on right, would lead to the south-east corner of the atrium.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Steps to lower floor, on south side of entrance, see VI.17.11.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Steps to lower floor, on south side of entrance, see VI.17.11.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015. South side of atrium, with two of the three doorways to cubicula.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015. South side of atrium, with two of the three doorways to cubicula.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015. Looking towards south-west corner of atrium, and site of possible third cubiculum.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015.

Looking towards south-west corner of atrium, and site of possible third cubiculum.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. South side of atrium from entrance. 
Looking towards doorways of two of the three cubicula.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. South side of atrium from entrance.

Looking towards doorways of two of the three cubicula.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015. Looking towards north side of atrium.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. September 2015. Looking towards north side of atrium.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007.  North side of entrance and atrium, remains of three rooms.  (see also VI.17.9 for area of rooms bombed in 1943,  as described by Garcia y Garcia).

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007.  North side of entrance and atrium, remains of three rooms. 

(see also VI.17.9 for area of rooms bombed in 1943, as described by Garcia y Garcia).

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007.  Remains of sacrarium? or remains of staircase to upper floor?, on north side of entrance. According to Boyce, Fiorelli reported here a shrine, no longer to be seen: “La casa……tiene ai lati della porta un sacrario”.  Fiorelli, Descr., 432.
See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14. (p.59, no.231) 
See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p.159)

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007.

Remains of sacrarium? or remains of staircase to upper floor?, on north side of entrance.

According to Boyce, Fiorelli reported here a shrine, no longer to be seen:

“La casa……tiene ai lati della porta un sacrario”.

See Fiorelli, G., 1875. Descrizione di Pompei. Napoli, p. 432.

See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14. (p.59, no.231)

See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p.159)

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Atrium looking west across site of rooms bombed in 1943.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Atrium looking west across site of rooms bombed in 1943.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Atrium with remains of impluvium? According to Allroggen-Bedel, on La Vega’s plan, the atrium may have been room 5. The Ala, in the top right of the photo under the branches, may have been room 2.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. December 2007. Atrium with remains of impluvium?

According to Allroggen-Bedel, on La Vega’s plan, the atrium may have been room 5.

The ala, in the top right of the photo under the branches, may have been room 2.

The tablinum, behind the bushes on the left of the photo, may have been room 7.

 

According to Allroggen-Bedel, the Giornale dello Scavo di Pompei, e propriamente della strada e case contigue alla Porta della Citta, relative alla pianta in questo inclusa held at the Biblioteca della Societa Napoletana di Storia Patria, gives far more details of the rooms being excavated than that found in PAH. It also contains a plan by La Vega, which gives room numbers.

Based on this Giornale she wrote – the three rooms on the left of the atrium are preserved, whereas on the right they are no more, so the identification of La Vega’s described rooms must be mainly based on the Mazois plan.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. Plan showing the room numbers of La Vega as identified by Allroggen –Bedel.
Base plan courtesy of Dobbins, J. J. and Foss, P. W., 2008. The World of Pompeii. Oxford: Routledge, CDRom.

VI.17.10 Pompeii. Plan showing the room numbers of La Vega as identified by Allroggen-Bedel.

Base plan courtesy of Dobbins, J. J. and Foss, P. W., 2008. The World of Pompeii. Oxford: Routledge, CDRom.

 

From La Vega’s description of the atrium No.5, it shows that across from the right Ala with the two tubs, designated by him on the drawing as the room No.2, was also the left Ala. Here was a mosaic with a meander pattern and in the wide opening to the atrium, one of the two mosaic thresholds, with Arches and Maritime scenes was cut out.

The second such mosaic was described as from room No.7: The threshold towards the courtyard was of a mosaic of varied colours, made of nine arches, with naval instruments and dolphins. This threshold can only have belonged to the tablinum, as all the other rooms in the atrium have only narrow door openings. In same room a large mosaic floor was found:

Alcubierre described in his report dated 12.11.1763, a mosaic (approx. 3.43m x 4.48m). The mosaic contained primarily a girdle of (diamonds) rhomboids in white, black, yellow, red and green. Then another band, like a labyrinth, of the same colours. Then another band of black, then another strip of crosshatching marked into squares, also in the black, triangles of red, black, blue, green and in the middle of the floor some minor fragments could be seen.  About the paintings nothing was said.

 

The room described as No.10 corresponded to the preserved remains in the middle room left from atrium.

“From the 9th to the 17th November we excavated this room, which had a floor of black mosaic with white border all around, and white rosettes sprinkled throughout, and it was found patched up by the ancients at a site close to the threshold. The plaster was painted with following format: Red zoccolo with a few lines, and large fronds of herbs, the panels above were yellow with vases/pots in the middle, the bands that one could distinguish were red, decorated with grotesque architecture: the decoration above had a white background with various bands and grotesque architecture. On one side of this room, there was in the wall, an undercut recess that ends with the floor. It was preserved without lifting a piece. (Si e conservato senza levarci alcun pezzo).

 

A similar depression for a bed was seen in the black background decoration of Room No.12.

“From the 4th to the 20th December 1763 we worked with some interruptions to excavate this room. Its floor was of white mosaic with two black lines all around: and a panel somewhat to the side consisted of a black border decorated interiorly with some ivy branches of the same black colour, on a white background - the middle part of the panel was missing. The wall plaster was black with stripes and grotesque architecture in various colours, and in the middle of some panels, which had between them the said architecture, there were draped figures, i.e. one for each panel.

There was a recess in one of the walls similar to that of the room No. 10, but bigger”

 

In the room next to the Ala, right from No.10, there is no depression for the bed.

In the room left (from No.10), next to the steps, you can still see the remains of a red zoccolo, and a yellow middle zone.

The remains of these decorations agree with La Vega description of room No.13 –

“From the 9th to the 18th December, we excavated the indicated small room. The floor was of slabs of crushed brick (lastrico di mattoni pesto).

In the plaster the zoccolo has the red background: the bottom of the panels that lay above the zoccolo was yellow with some birds in the middle; the bands that divided these squares were red, embellished with grotesque architecture, which still adorned the decoration above that had a white background.”

 

From the rooms on the right side of the atrium, nothing remains.

 

However, two rooms in the next door house (VI.17.12-13) meet the description of rooms nos. 11 and 12.

La Vega says later that in the space described as no.12, he had discovered a “sotterraneo” (underground/cellar, etc).

These characteristics – bed recess and sotterraneo, were both next to the cellar stairs in VI.17.12.

 

The room described as no.11 is probably identical with the room next door (VI.17.13), where the remains of the yellow background central zone remains were preserved.

From here (room 11), a total of 6 pictures were cut, La Vega’s description of the decoration and cut motifs is -

“From the 15th November to the 4th December we excavated this room.

The floor was of white mosaic, with small black bands around.

In the plaster, the base of the zoccolo and some lines were black, and the panels closed with those lines were yellow, as was the decoration above, all embellished with various stripes, branches and panels. And we have cut the following 6 pieces of plaster, painted as follows –

1) a view of a garden with pergolas, statuettes, a goat, and some men, with a yellow background in a yellow field formed of clear white.

This was cut on the 18th November, it was broken into two pieces.

2) another view of a garden, with statues and pergolas, on a yellow background as the previous. Other similar had been found, but not being well-preserved had been left on their site.

3) view of country with four figures, and three dogs, on a turquoise field.

4) contains a rock in the water, with a figurine dressed in white, with open arms in act of admiration: two other naked men with legs in the water in the act of admiration as the first: another figure with club in hand in the act of wanting to trounce a sea monster.

5) (approx. 0.40 high x 0.48 wide) - another view of marina, with man on a horse running in the water, and another figure who is watching the first. 

This was found with some picks.

6) (approx. 0.46 each side), containing a mask with a curious repair, which was a little scratched on a cheek. (contiene un mascarone con accomodatura curiosa, quale e un poco scorticato ad una gota).  These 5 pieces were cut on the 12th December.  

Two pieces more of the same yellow plaster were cut, one of on.12 each side, and other on.12 by on.9, to mend any painting. (per accomodare alcuna pittura).

Paintings identified numbers 1-5 can be identified with those in Naples Museum.

About No.6, Alcubierre said was a not well preserved mask, perhaps it was not cut out, contrary to the statement of La Vega.

 

The first 2 paintings on yellow backgrounds (9476, 9512).

The three following are mythological landscapes (9504, 9477 and 9478).

All 3 paintings are red brown-framed and come from yellow walls, they must have formed the central motif of the front wall and both side walls.

 

Shown is a landscape with shepherd’s and animals, possibly Paris on the Ida (9504).

Andromeda chained to a rock, and being freed by Perseus (9477).

Phryxus riding on the ram, Helle sinking in the sea (9478).

The two vistas, 9476 and 9512, probably come (like their not cut counterparts) from the side panels.

 

It is difficult to determine where the other paintings were removed from.

With the secure identification of numbers, 2, 5, 7, 10 and 11 plus the not provable – from 12 and 13 in La Vega’s legend, there remain a limited number of eligible rooms. There still remained the rooms between the atrium and the terrace, with the exception of the tablinum and the room next to the left Ala – but hardly anything from this side of the house is preserved.

See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, in Cronache Pompeiane II, 1976 (p.144-183)

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 28 October 1763. Apollo.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9541.
PAH, 1,1, “Found in the city, in the week that ended 29th October 1763, up to ten pieces of ancient paintings, and lately more at the end of last week, showing Diana the Huntress and Apollo, and others; having been to see them all, sig. Paderni ordered that only two of the first ten paintings be cut, and the other eight being useless, should be thrown into the ground.”

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 28th October 1763. Apollo.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9541.

PAH, 1,1, “Found in the city, in the week that ended 29th October 1763, up to ten pieces of ancient paintings, and lately more at the end of last week, showing Diana the Huntress and Apollo, and others; having been to see them all, sig. Paderni ordered that only two of the first ten paintings be cut, and the other eight being useless, should be thrown into the ground.” 

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 28 October 1763. Artemis, also known as Diana. Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9301.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 28th October 1763. Artemis, also known as Diana.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9301.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763. The myth of Archemoros.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8987.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29th October 1763. The myth of Archemoros.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8987.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Three paintings found 20-29 October 1763.
The top two companion paintings were found in “Civita”.
The painting below was also found in “Civita”.
See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Quarto: Le Pitture 4, 1765, pages 319-321, pl. 64.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Three paintings found 20-29 October 1763.

The top two companion paintings were found in “Cività”.

The painting below was also found in “Cività”.

See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Quarto: Le Pitture 4, 1765, pages 319-321, pl. 64.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763. Apollo, Chirone and Asclepius or Aesculapius.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8846.
This painting and inventory number 9127 were found on two walls in the same room.
See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Setto: Le Pitture 5, 1779, p.217-221, pl.50.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763. Apollo, Chiron and Asclepius or Aesculapius.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8846.

This painting and inventory number 9127 were found on two walls in the same room.

See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Setto: Le Pitture 5, 1779, p.217-221, pl.50.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763. Nymphs in a Bacchic rite.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9127.
This painting and inventory number 8846 were found on two walls in the same room.
See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Setto: Le Pitture 5, 1779, p.217-221, pl.50.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763. Nymphs in a Bacchic rite.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9127.

This painting and inventory number 8846 were found on two walls in the same room.

See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Setto: Le Pitture 5, 1779, p.217-221, pl.50.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763. 
The above two paintings were found on two walls in the same room.
See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Setto: Le Pitture 5, 1779, p.217-221, pl.50.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763.

The above two paintings were found on two walls in the same room.

See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Setto: Le Pitture 5, 1779, p.217-221, pl.50.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763. 
Mask, the best and most perfect example, with a green background.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9808.
According to Pagano and Prisciandaro, this mask was found 2nd July 1763 (found also with inv. nos. 9854 and 9853 below) and so we have also included it in HGW04, from where they say it was found.
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi. (p.44) (PAH 1, addendum 113, n.9)

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763.

Mask, the best and most perfect example, with a green background.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9808.

According to Pagano and Prisciandaro, this mask was found 2nd July 1763 (found also with inv. nos. 9854 and 9853 below) and so we have also included it in HGW04, from where they say it was found.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi. (p.44) (PAH 1, addendum 113, n.9)

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763 or 2nd July 1763
Mask, found at the same time as the other two, but the colour was faded and the face was ruined by a pointed instrument. 
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9854.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763 or 2nd July 1763

Mask, found at the same time as the other two, but the colour was faded and the face was ruined by a pointed instrument.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9854.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763 or 2nd July 1763. 
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9853.
Mask found at the same time as the other two, but the colour was faded and the face was ruined by a pointed instrument.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 20-29 October 1763 or 2nd July 1763.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9853.

Mask found at the same time as the other two, but the colour was faded and the face was ruined by a pointed instrument.

Another two masks were intentionally destroyed by the Bourbon excavators, who thought the masks left in situ, might fall into the hands of others, thereby reducing the uniqueness (and value) of the ones taken into the royal palace at Portici.

PAH, addendum p. 146, dated 12 November 1763 said -

It was ordered to D. Camillo Paderni, not to dare to lay a hand on the ancient paintings which are met in the excavations without first referring to His Majesty, as the decision did not belong to Paderni to decide which of the paintings should be taken from the site or which should remain, now that the King had heard with horror that many of the aforementioned antique paintings had been demolished.

PAH 1, addendum p.146, dated 25th January 1764 said –

By an attestation of Antonio Scognamiglio, foreman excavator, authenticated by the notary Iennaco of Torre Annunziata he pointed out, that by order of D. Camillo Paderni paintings that he estimated were useless, were destroyed, breaking the plaster on which they were painted with picks.

 

According to Allroggen-Bedel, all of the above paintings were found in the same room.

She quoted a passage by La Vega, from Giornale dello Scavo, in which she identified the room as No.3.

Dalli 20, alli 29 Ottobre 1763 si e scoperta questa stanza. Il pavimento e di musaico, con rosone nel mezzo ed alcuni ornati attorno, negri sopra fondo bianco, e fascia che cinge questo ornato con meandro a vari colori: la soglia della porta verso il cortile e di portasanta. Tale soglia di lunghezza pal. 4 9/12 e larghezza pal 1 9/12 si e levata alli 20 novembre, ed il pavimento alli 17, dello stesso mese.

Le pareti sono ornate da zoccolo con cimasa e base, a chiaroscuro giallo, distinte con dei riquadri abbeliti d’alcuni fogliami sopra campo rosso. Il di piu che rimane delle stesse pareti ha il fondo rosso, ed era distinta la parte principale in vari riquadri p(er) mezzo di alcune fasce abbelite di meandri, il sopra ornato ed il fregio sono ornati con riquadratura, grotteschi, e figure, delle quali se ne sono trovate in essere undici pezzi.”

(translation: “From 20th – 29th October 1763, we discovered this room. The floor was mosaic with a rose in the middle and some decorations around it, black over a white background, the border that surrounded this decoration was a varied coloured meander: the threshold of the doorway towards the courtyard was of “portasanta”. This threshold was approximately 1.25m x 0.46 wide and lifted up on 20th November, and the floor of the 17th of the same month.

The walls were decorated with a zoccolo with finial and base of a clear yellow, distinguished with panels embellished of foliage on a red background. The bit that remained of the same walls had a red background, and the main part was separated in various panels by some bands embellished with meanders, the upper part was decorated and the frieze was ornamented with panels of grotesque architecture and figures, which were found in eleven pieces.)

See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.147-8) In Cronache Pompeiane, II, 1976 (p.144-183)

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. c.1795 copy of the mosaic floor “from room no 3”.
See Gli ornati delle pareti ed i pavimenti delle stanze dell'antica Pompei incisi in rame: 1838, p. 7 and mosaic tav. 30.
It is also in Gli Ornati, 1795, Vol. 1, Tav. 44. See on Pompei La Fortuna Visiva (Allroggen-Bedel gives the reference as Ornati I Taf. 46.)
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. According to Allroggen-Bedel it is installed in the museum floor. 
See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.147-8) In Cronache Pompeiane, II, 1976, p. 149 and note 11.
Mosaic identified by Alcubierre to Tanucci, 29th october 1763 –
En la misma estancia de las referidas Pinturas se ha descubierto otro pavimento de Moysayco de 8 pal. por 7 pal., y 5 on. el qual forma un Circulo en el medio con seys flores, blanco y negro, 
y al contorno una faja de ramos, y otras flores Negras, en Campo blanco: 
Y otra faja al extremo y Contorno del dicho Moysayco bien labrada con los colores Negro, Amarillo, colorado, y verde: 
Cuyo pavimento se devera cortar tambien.
(translation: In the same room as the aforementioned paintings another mosaic pavement has been discovered of size 2.11m by 1.96m which has a circle in the middle with six petals, white and black, 
around the edges is a girdle of branches and other black flowers, on a white background: 
Another band is on the outer edge of the said mosaic, well crafted with black, yellow, red and green: 
This pavement is likely to be cut also.)
See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.147-8) In Cronache Pompeiane, II, 1976, p. 148.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. c.1795 copy of the mosaic floor “from room no 3”.

See Gli ornati delle pareti ed i pavimenti delle stanze dell'antica Pompei incisi in rame: 1838, p. 7 and mosaic tav. 30.

It is also in Gli Ornati, 1795, Vol. 1, Tav. 44. See on Pompei La Fortuna Visiva (Allroggen-Bedel gives the reference as Ornati I Taf. 46.)

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. According to Allroggen-Bedel it is installed in the museum floor.

See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.147-8) In Cronache Pompeiane, II, 1976, p. 149 and note 11.

Mosaic identified by Alcubierre to Tanucci, 29th October 1763 –

En la misma estancia de las referidas Pinturas se ha descubierto otro pavimento de Moysayco de 8 pal. por 7 pal., y 5 on. el qual forma un Circulo en el medio con seys flores, blanco y negro, y al contorno una faja de ramos, y otras flores Negras, en Campo blanco: Y otra faja al extremo y Contorno del dicho Moysayco bien labrada con los colores Negro, Amarillo, colorado, y verde: Cuyo pavimento se devera cortar tambien.

(translation: In the same room as the aforementioned paintings another mosaic pavement has been discovered of size 2.11m by 1.96m which has a circle in the middle with six petals, white and black, around the edges is a girdle of branches and other black flowers, on a white background: Another band is on the outer edge of the said mosaic, well crafted with black, yellow, red and green: This pavement is likely to be cut also.)

See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.147-8) In Cronache Pompeiane, II, 1976, p. 148.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. c.1875 lithograph of the mosaic floor that matches the description of La Vega, “from room no 3”.
This is the upper mosaic of two on the lithograph.
The lithograph has at the top the word Pompeii and at the bottom Casa delle Vestali.
The lower mosaic on the lithograph is “SALVE” from VI.1.7, the House of the Vestals and is shown as from there in PPM.
See Carratelli, G. P., 1990-2003. Pompei: Pitture e Mosaici.  Roma: Istituto della enciclopedia italiana, Vol. IV, p. 49. 
The upper mosaic in the lithograph is not shown in PPM under the Casa delle Vestali at all.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. c.1875 lithograph of the mosaic floor that matches the description of La Vega, “from room no 3”.

This is the upper mosaic of two on the lithograph.

The lithograph has at the top the word Pompeii and at the bottom Casa delle Vestali.

The lower mosaic on the lithograph is “SALVE” from VI.1.7/24/25, the House of the Vestals and is shown as from there in PPM.

See Carratelli, G. P., 1990-2003. Pompei: Pitture e Mosaici.  Roma: Istituto della enciclopedia italiana, Vol. IV, p. 49.

The upper mosaic in the lithograph is not shown in PPM under the Casa delle Vestali at all.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2010. Wall painting found 12th November 1763. Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 8603.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. May 2010. Wall painting found 12th November 1763.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 8603.

A mosaic measuring 13 pal. by 17 pal. was discovered (approx. 3.43m x 4.48m) of white, black, yellow, red and green.

According to Pagano and Prisciandaro, the floor of the room in which the paintings of the bows of the ships were found, had a mosaic showing the same arches in which dolphins, anchors, tridents and ships could be seen.

On a wall were discovered paintings that showed painted architecture and ships, and each arched doorway showed the bow of a ship.

Of the paintings found, only three showing the five boats were cut and preserved, the others were left where they were found.

Also possibly provenanced from this room might be the paintings, nap 8691, 8817, 8876, 9437, showing respectively a griffin, harpy, sea monster and landscape.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi, (p. 45).

 

VI 17.10 Pompeii. 1843 drawing of mosaic with doors with sea features, similar to description by La Vega. 
The doors are in the sequence given by La Vega but an extra door with anchor on each end gives 11 rather than 9 doors.
There is no description given in Raccolta 1843 to indicate where it may be from and the plates are unnumbered.
It may be the second similar mosaic mentioned or may not be from this house.
See Raccolta delle pui interessanti Dipinture e di pui belli Musaici, 1843. 
According to Allroggen-Bedel, in La Vega’s room 8, between the 7th and 14th November, 3 paintings were excavated and cut out showing the prows of boats.
Two similar mosaics with boats were found in the same house as the paintings.  
La Vega described mosaic thresholds as coming from room 2 and room 7, where under arches, ships prows and other sea-faring attributes could be seen.
The mosaic thresholds, (approximately 3.56m x 0.97m) composed of white, black, yellow, red and green, showing architecture of  9 doors in which you could observe the following -
In the first door - a trident, 
in the 2nd - dolphins, 
in the 3rd - an anchor, 
in the 4th - one dolphin, 
in the 5th - a stern of a ship with rudder, 
in the 6th - another dolphin, 
in the 7th - another anchor, 
the 8th is not specified, 
in the 9th - a rudder and a trident.
(both mosaics are now set in the floor of the Naples Museum, in the pinacoteca, sala 4.)
See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (page 163-5).

VI 17.10 Pompeii. 1843 drawing of mosaic with doors with sea features, similar to description by La Vega.

The doors are in the sequence given by La Vega but an extra door with anchor on each end gives 11 rather than 9 doors.

There is no description given in Raccolta 1843 to indicate where it may be from and the plates are unnumbered.

It may be the second similar mosaic mentioned or may not be from this house.

See Raccolta delle pui interessanti Dipinture e di pui belli Musaici, 1843.

According to Allroggen-Bedel, in La Vega’s room 8, between the 7th and 14th November, 3 paintings were excavated and cut out showing the prows of boats.

Two similar mosaics with boats were found in the same house as the paintings. 

La Vega described mosaic thresholds as coming from room 2 and room 7, where under arches, ships prows and other sea-faring attributes could be seen.

The mosaic thresholds, (approximately 3.56m x 0.97m) composed of white, black, yellow, red and green, showing architecture of  9 doors in which you could observe the following -

In the first door - a trident,

in the 2nd - dolphins,

in the 3rd - an anchor,

in the 4th - one dolphin,

in the 5th - a stern of a ship with rudder,

in the 6th - another dolphin,

in the 7th - another anchor,

the 8th is not specified,

in the 9th - a rudder and a trident.

Both mosaics are now set in the floor of the Naples Museum, in the pinacoteca, sala 4.

See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (page 163-5).

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2010. Wall painting found 12th November 1763. Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 8604.

VVI.17.9-10 Pompeii. May 2010. Wall painting found 12th November 1763 (from room 8, according to La Vega plan)

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8604.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2010. Wall painting found 12th November 1763. Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 1172.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. May 2010. Wall painting found 12th November 1763 (from room 8, according to La Vega plan)

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 1172.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 18 November 1763. Harpy. (Found in room 9, according to plan by La Vega).
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8817.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 18 November 1763. Harpy. (Found in room 9, according to plan by La Vega).

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8817.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 18 November 1763. Griffin.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8691.
According to Allroggen-Bedel, this was found in La Vega’s room 9
Room 9 (as described by La Vega), the zoccolo was clear yellow, with panels of purple. 
The main part of the wall had a purple background which had yellow bands, and a frieze with yellow background with the tan-coloured panels. 
The decoration above was on a white background with various ornamentations. 
In the same room on 18th November, a winged Griffin and a winged Sphynx were cut, both had a purple background.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Found 18 November 1763. Griffin.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8691.

According to Allroggen-Bedel, this was found in La Vega’s room 9.

Room 9 (as described by La Vega), the zoccolo was clear yellow, with panels of purple.

The main part of the wall had a purple background which had yellow bands, and a frieze with yellow background with the tan-coloured panels.

The decoration above was on a white background with various ornamentations.

In the same room on 18th November, a winged Griffin and a winged Sphinx were cut, both had a purple background.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Wall painting of the liberation of Andromeda, found 3rd December 1763. 
She is still chained to the rock whilst Perseus battles the sea monster close to the shore.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 9477.
According to PAH, 
5 more paintings were found, from the vicinity of the Herculaneum Gate, amongst which was -
Andromeda su uno scoglio, Nap 9477.
See PAH 1,1, p154.
See Helbig, W., 1868. Wandgemälde der vom Vesuv verschütteten Städte Campaniens. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel. (1184)
See Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano, Tome IV, Naples (1765), pl.61, p.307-9. 
According to Allroggen-Bedel, this painting was found in room 11 on the La Vega’s plan.
See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.177-178)

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Wall painting of the liberation of Andromeda, found 3rd December 1763.

She is still chained to the rock whilst Perseus battles the sea monster close to the shore.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 9477.

According to PAH,

5 more paintings were found, from the vicinity of the Herculaneum Gate, amongst which was -

Andromeda su uno scoglio, Nap 9477.

See PAH 1,1, p154.

See Helbig, W., 1868. Wandgemälde der vom Vesuv verschütteten Städte Campaniens. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel. (1184)

See Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano, Tome IV, Naples (1765), pl.61, p.307-9.

According to Allroggen-Bedel, this painting was found in room 11 on the La Vega’s plan.

See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.177-178)

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. 1765 drawing of painting of Andromeda on a rock being rescued by Perseus. 
See Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano, Tome IV, Naples, 1765, pl.61, p.307-9.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. 1765 drawing of painting of Andromeda on a rock being rescued by Perseus.

See Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano, Tome IV, Naples, 1765, pl.61, p.307-9.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. May 2010. Wall painting showing Phrixus riding on the ram, Helle sinking in the sea.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 9478.
According to Allroggen-Bedel, this painting was found in room 11 on the La Vega’s plan.
She wrote that - “in room 11, a total of 6 pictures were cut. 
5 of them can be identified with those in the Naples Museum, regarding the sixth one, Alcubierre had described it as a mask – not well preserved, perhaps it was not cut out, contrary to the statement by La Vega.
The first 2 paintings are on a yellow backgrounds, and numbered 9476 and 9512.
The three following paintings are mythological landscapes, numbered 9504, 9477, and 9478.
All 3 paintings are red brown-framed and come from yellow walls, they must have formed the central motif of the front wall and both side walls.
Shown is a landscape with shepherd’s and animals, possibly Paris on the Ida (9504).
Andromeda chained to a rock, and being freed by Perseus (9477).
Phryxus riding on the ram, Helle sinking in the sea (9478).
The two vistas, 9476 and 9512, probably come (like their not cut counterparts) from the side panels.”
See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.177-8). in Cronache Pompeiane II, 1976 (p.144-183)

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. May 2010. Wall painting showing Phrixus riding on the ram, Helle sinking in the sea.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 9478.

According to Allroggen-Bedel, this painting was found in room 11 on the La Vega’s plan.

She wrote that - “in room 11, a total of 6 pictures were cut.

5 of them can be identified with those in the Naples Museum, regarding the sixth one, Alcubierre had described it as a mask – not well preserved, perhaps it was not cut out, contrary to the statement by La Vega.

The first 2 paintings are on a yellow background, and numbered 9476 and 9512.

The three following paintings are mythological landscapes, numbered 9504, 9477, and 9478.

All 3 paintings are red brown-framed and come from yellow walls, they must have formed the central motif of the front wall and both side walls.

Shown is a landscape with shepherd’s and animals, possibly Paris on the Ida (9504).

Andromeda chained to a rock, and being freed by Perseus (9477).

Phryxus riding on the ram, Helle sinking in the sea (9478).

The two vistas, 9476 and 9512, probably come (like their not cut counterparts) from the side panels.”

See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.177-8). in Cronache Pompeiane II, 1976 (p.144-183)

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. May 2010. Wall painting found 3rd December 1763. Hesione, daughter of Laomedon, is freed by Hercules. She had been left on the beach at Troy, which was being menaced by a sea monster. Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 9445.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii, or Herculaneum? Wall painting found 3rd December 1763.

Hesione, daughter of Laomedon, is freed by Hercules.

She had been left on the beach at Troy, which was being menaced by a sea monster.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9445.

See Helbig, W., 1868. Wandgemälde der vom Vesuv verschütteten Städte Campaniens. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel. (1129)

See Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano, Tome IV, Naples (1765), pl.62, p.311-313.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Drawing of a painting of Hercules and Hesione. (9445)
See Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano, Tome IV, Naples (1765), pl.62, p.311-313.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Drawing of a painting of Hercules and Hesione. (9445)

See Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano, Tome IV, Naples (1765), pl.62, p.311-313.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii or Herculaneum? Drawing of a painting of Daedalus and Icarus (9506).
See Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano, Tome IV, Naples (1765), pl.63, p.315-7.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii or Herculaneum? Drawing of a painting of Daedalus and Icarus (9506).

See Le Pitture Antiche d’Ercolano, Tome IV, Naples (1765), pl.63, p.315-7.

 

According to Peters

“Three small landscapes featuring Perseus and Andromeda, Heracles and Hesione and Daedalus and Icarus, have probably come from the surroundings of the Herculaneum Gate. (See Fiorelli, PAH,1,1,154).

The exact place of origin is not known, but the similarity in size, colours and further rendering, make it seem probable that they have formed part of the decoration of the same room. 

The paintings are all somewhat eroded, but have been fairly well preserved.

The reproductions of the Pitture di Ercolano are reliable as far as the broad outlines are concerned, but not with respect to the execution of the various landscape elements. The chief colours of all three paintings are shades of grey, blue and green……

Both the size and composition of “Perseus and Andromeda” make it seem likely that the original site of this picture was on the main wall.”

See Peters, W.J.T. (1963): Landscape in Romano-Campanian Mural Paintings. The Netherlands, Van Gorcum & Comp.,(p.129-131).

See Dawson, C.M. (1944): Romano-Campanian Mythological Landscape Painting. Yale Univ. Press, Yale Classical Studies, vol. IX. (p.107-108)

 

With regard to the above list from Peters, Allroggen-Bedel says that the Freeing of Hesione (9445, 28th January 1764) and Daedalus and Icarus (9506, 4th February 1764), both came from Herculaneum and were both from a blue wall.”

See Allroggen-Bedel - Die malereien aus dem Haus Insula Occidentalis 10, (p.178). in Cronache Pompeiane II, 1976 (p.144-183)

 

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. 1978. Painting of bird standing on a trellis in a painted garden. 
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J78f0367
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number 9719.  According to Pagano and Prisciandaro, this was found on 30th June 1764 together with NAP 8760, also found in the same room may have been NAP 8741, 8723, 9705, 9822, and 8785.
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi.  (p.46-7)

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. 1978. Painting of bird standing on a trellis in a painted garden.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J78f0367

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number 9719.

According to Pagano and Prisciandaro, this was found on 30th June 1764 together with NAP 8760. Also found in the same room may have been NAP 8741, 8723, 9705, 9822, and 8785.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi. 

(p.46-7).

 

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. Found 30th June 1764. 1966. Bird with flowers and plants.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8723.
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0794

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. Found 30th June 1764. 1966. Bird with flowers and plants.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8723.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0794

 

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. Found 30th June 1764. 1966. Bird with flowers and plants.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8723.
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0795

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. Found 30th June 1764. 1966. Bird with flowers and plants.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8723.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0795

 

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. Found 30th June 1764. 1966. Detail of bird with flowers and plants.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8723.
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0796

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. Found 30th June 1764. 1966. Detail of bird with flowers and plants.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8723.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0796

 

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. 1964. Painting of bird standing on balustrade ready to drink from fountain. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J64f1048
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number 9705. According to Pagano and Prisciandaro, this may have been found in the same room as other paintings on 30th June 1764. 
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi.  (p.46-7)

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. 1964. Painting of bird standing on balustrade ready to drink from fountain.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J64f1048

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number 9705.

According to Pagano and Prisciandaro, this may have been found in the same room as other paintings on 30th June 1764.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi.  (p.46-7).

 

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. 1957. Painting of bird standing on balustrade ready to drink from fountain. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J57f0501
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number 9705. According to Pagano and Prisciandaro, this may have been found in the same room as other paintings on 30th June 1764. 
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi.  (p.46-7)

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. 1957. Painting of bird standing on balustrade ready to drink from fountain.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J57f0501

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number 9705.

According to Pagano and Prisciandaro, this may have been found in the same room as other paintings on 30th June 1764.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi.  (p.46-7).

 

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. Detail from late 19th century photograph.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9822.

VI.17.9-11 Pompeii. Detail from late 19th century photograph.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9822.

 

 

1777-1778

Extracts (translation) from PAH,1,1, 298-9, and addendum p.162:

1st November 1777 – House opposite to that “of the Surgeon”.

14th February 1778 – They must be those uncovered in 1763.

21st March 1778 – These are the same, which were excavated and then re-covered in 1763.

27th June 1778 – It seems that this is the house opposite to that called “of the Surgeon”.

 

VI.17.10 Pompeii. Fragments of wall decoration.
See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Setto: Le Pitture 5, 1779, p. 317-8, table LXXI.
 “The Royal Museum had few other paintings that could compare in taste, in charm, and finishing with this fragment that was found in Civita.
The background of the strip above was red, the garland was green, interwoven with white flowers, and yellow and red fruit; the two masks have the flesh-colored face, blond hair, white wings; the larger mask was whitish with yellow horns; and the band, which closes this strip, also was also red with white lines.
The other strip that followed, had a red background also:  the bell jars are yellow: the colour of the other vases, which are of a more clear yellow, was green; all the ornaments, or scrolls, and the flowers are white; the band was green with white lines.
The background of the strip, which was below, was black; the background of ornaments or shields was red; the bacchettine, turning and dividing, were white, with white and yellow flowers, and also yellow fruit; and the garlands were green; the masks had flesh-colored faces, white beards, their heads adorned with green branches and white flowers. The Pan was charming, playing the pan-pipes, crowned with pine, and placed upon a white cloth. The two beautiful figures were delicately painted and expressed with great vividness, crowned by green branches with white flowers, the woman was half covered with a lacquer-colored cloth, while the Faun, recognized by the goats ears, with a light green colored cloth.”

VI.17.10 Pompeii. Fragments of wall decoration.

See Antichità di Ercolano: Tomo Setto: Le Pitture 5, 1779, p. 317-8, table LXXI.

 “The Royal Museum had few other paintings that could compare in taste, in charm, and finishing with this fragment that was found in Cività.

The background of the strip above was red, the garland was green, interwoven with white flowers, and yellow and red fruit; the two masks have the flesh-coloured face, blond hair, white wings; the larger mask was whitish with yellow horns; and the band, which closes this strip, also was also red with white lines.

The other strip that followed, had a red background also:  the bell jars are yellow: the colour of the other vases, which are of a clearer yellow, was green; all the ornaments, or scrolls, and the flowers are white; the band was green with white lines.

The background of the strip, which was below, was black; the background of ornaments or shields was red; the bacchettine, turning and dividing, were white, with white and yellow flowers, and also yellow fruit; and the garlands were green; the masks had flesh-coloured faces, white beards, their heads adorned with green branches and white flowers. The Pan was charming, playing the pan-pipes, crowned with pine, and placed upon a white cloth. The two beautiful figures were delicately painted and expressed with great vividness, crowned by green branches with white flowers, the woman was half covered with a lacquer-coloured cloth, while the Faun, recognized by the goat’s ears, with a light green coloured cloth.”

 

See 14.8.1778 and list of 104 pieces of plaster, PAH 1, 1, 298, addendum 162.

Addendum 162 – House opposite to that of the Surgeon, painted plaster that decorated an underground room.

 

8th August 1778 – we continue to work around the site where the pieces of mosaic flooring were found, and we discovered the underground areas, almost all ruined.

Addendum 8th August – ruined underground in the said house, along the principal road of Pompeii, on the right going into the city.

 

14th August 1778 - we continued to dig in the underground area, already mentioned in the past report, where amongst the ruins of walls were found -

- a bronze coin covered in rust,

- 104 pieces of painted plaster, of varying sizes.

-       Some of these were part of a frieze of a room, that with a black background were figures, arabesques, a ribbon composed of a decoration nearly of a shape of a vase, and many other things.

-       Others include a decoration similar to a pilaster, that in the middle has a straight garland with fluttering cloth that partly goes around it, and are suspended from some twigs, from the garland itself arise some game, some deer/hinds, some flowers, and a circle with figurine, which adorns this decoration, which has a white background, and narrows on one side by a red background, and on the other with a black background.

-       Other pieces have a red background, and others black, all with various arabesques, that it would be difficult to describe by the amount of things that they contain, that by not being able to form a fair idea, lacking the pieces that do not combine well with other parts: all however are painted with some taste and finish.

-       These pieces of plaster include many similar things to those of pieces that were found in the same place from 13th February to 3rd March 1764, and all would have had to belong to the same room.

Addendum 14th August - painted plaster, that decorated a room of this underground.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Pastiche of fragments of wall painting found 14th August 1778, “from the underground area”.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9920.

According to Aoyagi, etc: 
Stringent similarities also appear with numerous fragments unearthed in the Insula Occidentalis, between 1764 and 1778, assembled in the 18th century in several panels, some of which are published as a vignette in the 4th and the 7th volume of the Antiquities of Herculaneum similar in sophistication and wealth of detail in the decoration in III style of the House of the Golden Bracelet.
(Note 55): Sampaolo, 1998, p.276. no.21 hypothesises that the fragments could have been found in House VI.17.13 since the excavation diaries refer to houses situated inside the Herculaneum Gate (Fiorelli, PAH, 1860, vol. 1, p. 155 and p. 298-99).
However the possibility should not be ruled out, that they could have been found from the House of the Golden Bracelet because the area of VI.17.41, VI.17.42 and VII.16.22, was already the object of Bourbon explorations from 1750. 
See Aoyagi M. and Pappalardo U., 2006. Pompei (Regiones VI-VII) Insula Occidentalis. Napoli: Valtrend. (p.223, and note 55).

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Pastiche of fragments of wall painting found 14th August 1778, “from the underground area”.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9920.

 

According to Aoyagi, etc:

Stringent similarities also appear with numerous fragments unearthed in the Insula Occidentalis, between 1764 and 1778, assembled in the 18th century in several panels, some of which are published as a vignette in the 4th and the 7th volume of the Antiquities of Herculaneum similar in sophistication and wealth of detail in the decoration in III style of the House of the Golden Bracelet.

(Note 55): Sampaolo, 1998, p.276. no.21 hypothesises that the fragments could have been found in House VI.17.13 since the excavation diaries refer to houses situated inside the Herculaneum Gate (Fiorelli, PAH, 1860, vol. 1, p. 155 and p. 298-99).

However, the possibility should not be ruled out, that they could have been found from the House of the Golden Bracelet because the area of VI.17.41, VI.17.42 and VII.16.22, was already the object of Bourbon explorations from 1750.

See Aoyagi M. and Pappalardo U., 2006. Pompei (Regiones VI-VII) Insula Occidentalis. Napoli: Valtrend. (p.223, and note 55).

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Pastiche of fragments of wall painting found 14th August 1778, “from the underground area”.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9916.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Pastiche of fragments of wall painting found 14th August 1778, “from the underground area”.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9916.

 

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Pastiche of fragments of wall painting found 14th August 1778, “from the underground area”.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9907.

VI.17.9-10 Pompeii. Pastiche of fragments of wall painting found 14th August 1778, “from the underground area”.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9907.

 

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 22-Oct-2018 14:43