PompeiiinPictures

VI.6.17 Pompeii. Bakery and dwelling house.

Linked to VI.6.18, VI.6.19, VI.6.20 and VI.6.21. Excavated 1810, 1813, 1815.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Pilaster on south side of entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Pilaster on south side of entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Identification number. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Identification number. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking towards doorway to bakery in north wall of entrance room. 
Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking towards doorway to bakery in north wall of entrance room.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking towards north wall of entrance room with doorway to bakery. On the right is a doorway to a small rear room.  This small rear room may have been a storeroom for the flour, or possibly a stable for the animals used to turn the mills. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking towards north wall of entrance room with doorway to bakery.

On the right is a doorway to a small rear room.

This small rear room may have been a storeroom for the flour, or possibly a stable for the animals used to turn the mills.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking through doorway to bakery in north wall of entrance room.
Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking through doorway to bakery in north wall of entrance room.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. August 1976. Looking through doorway to bakery in north wall of entrance room. 
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr George Fay’s slides collection.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. August 1976. Looking through doorway to bakery in north wall of entrance room.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr George Fay’s slides collection.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking towards east wall of entrance room with doorway to small rear room, on the left. The doorway, on the right, links to VI.6.20/21 through another small room.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking towards east wall of entrance room with doorway to small rear room, on the left.

The doorway, on the right, links to VI.6.20/21 through another small room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005. East wall of entrance room, with doorway to the room at the rear of the wall, on the left. This rear room may have been a storeroom for the flour, or possibly a stable for the animals used to turn the mills.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005. East wall of entrance room, with doorway to the room at the rear of the wall, on the left.

This rear room may have been a storeroom for the flour, or possibly a stable for the animals used to turn the mills.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. 1959. Looking towards north-east corner of entrance room, with doorway to rear room. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J59f0094

VI.6.17 Pompeii. 1959. Looking towards north-east corner of entrance room, with doorway to rear room. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J59f0094

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking towards south-east corner of entrance room or vestibule. Looking towards doorway to rear small room linking with VI.6.20/21.  
According to Boyce and Fiorelli, on a wall of the room entered at number 17 was painted a serpent and beneath it a tile projected for offerings. 
See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14.  (p.47, no.158)
See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p.56)
According to Stefani, the lararium was found on the west wall of VI.6.20. (see VI.6.20 and 21).
See Stefani, G. (2005): Pompei. Un Panificio: in Cibi e Sapori a Pompei e dintorni, (p.139).

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking towards south-east corner of entrance room or vestibule.

Looking towards doorway to rear small room linking with VI.6.20/21.  

According to Boyce and Fiorelli, on a wall of the room entered at number 17 was painted a serpent and beneath it a tile projected for offerings.

See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14.  (p.47, no.158)

See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p.56)

According to Stefani, the lararium was found on the west wall of VI.6.20. (see VI.6.20 and 21).

See Stefani, G. (2005): Pompei. Un Panificio: in Cibi e Sapori a Pompei e dintorni, (p.139).

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking north across bakery. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking north across bakery. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. April 2019. Looking north across bakery. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. April 2019. Looking north across bakery. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. April 2019. Looking north across bakery. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. April 2019. Looking north across bakery. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. October 2014. Looking north across bakery. Photo courtesy of Marie Schulze.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. October 2014. Looking north across bakery. Photo courtesy of Marie Schulze.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking north through doorway into bakery.
In this room were found three broken mills, a bench for making the dough near the east wall, and the oven. Also found were some terracotta pots for the water.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking north through doorway into bakery.

In this room were found three broken mills, a bench, a bin sunk below the floor near the east wall, and the oven.

Also found were some terracotta pots for the water.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. 1968. Looking north across bakery. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J68f1642

VI.6.17 Pompeii. 1968. Looking north across bakery. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J68f1642

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking north towards oven in bakery. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking north towards oven in bakery. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking towards oven in bakery.  The bin sunk into the floor was found near the east wall, on the right. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking north towards oven in bakery.

The bin sunk into the floor was found near the east wall, on the right. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Bin sunk into the floor near the east wall. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Bin sunk into the floor near the east wall. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2012. Looking north at front of oven. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2012. Looking north at front of oven. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. According to Boyce, Fiorelli had reported there was “nel panificio…un dipinto larario scomparso”. The print in Gell-Gandy showed a single serpent painted on the front side of the oven. See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14.  (p.47, no.159)

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2006. Looking north at front of oven.

According to Boyce, Fiorelli had reported there was “nel panificio…un dipinto larario scomparso”.

The print in Gell-Gandy showed a single serpent painted on the front side of the oven.

See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14.  (p.47, no.159)

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii but shown as VI.6.1 on photo. 1937-39. Looking north to front of oven. Photo courtesy of American Academy in Rome, Photographic Archive. 
Warsher collection no. 973

VI.6.17 Pompeii but shown as VI.6.1 on photo. Pre-1937-39. Looking north to front of oven.

Photo courtesy of American Academy in Rome, Photographic Archive.

Warsher collection no. 973.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. 1852. Print of bakery in the House of Pansa. The print showed a single serpent painted on the front side of the oven and the plaque in place. See Gell, W. and Gandy, J., 1852.  Pompeiana: Third Edition.  London: Bohn.  (Pl. 38).

VI.6.17 Pompeii. 1852. Print of bakery in the House of Pansa.

The print showed a single serpent painted on the front side of the oven and the plaque in place.

See Gell, W. and Gandy, J., 1852. Pompeiana: Third Edition. London: Bohn. (Pl. 38).

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2012. Side and front wall of oven and bench on its west side. 
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2012. Side and front wall of oven and bench on its west side. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Detail of bench on west side of oven. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Detail of bench on west side of oven. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. July 2011. Bench, oven, and mill in bakery. 
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. July 2011. Bench, oven, and mill in bakery. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2006. Bench, oven, and mill in bakery.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2006. Bench, oven, and mill in bakery.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2012. Arched north wall above oven, with recess for plaque, see below. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2012. Arched north wall above oven, with recess for plaque, see below. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2006. Recess in wall above oven door, originally holding the plaque, shown below.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2006. Recess in wall above oven door, originally holding the plaque, shown below.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. Plaque, painted red,  with inscription “Happiness lives here”  [CIL IV 1454] Found above the oven door, and reported as found on 12th February 1815 (PAH I, 3, 170)  Now in Naples Archaeological Museum: Inventory number 27741   See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples : Nicola Longobardi. (p.112)

VI.6.17 Pompeii. Plaque, painted red, with inscription “Happiness lives here”.  [CIL IV 1454]

Found above the oven door, and reported as found on 12th February 1815 (PAH I, 3, 170)

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum: Inventory number 27741

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi. (p.112)

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. April 2014. Detail of oven. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. April 2014. Detail of oven. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking south-east across bakery. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking south-east across bakery. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking towards south-east corner of bakery with three mills.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking towards south-east corner of bakery with three mills. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking south across mill-room. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking south across mill-room. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. Looking south across mill-room.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking south across mill-room.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. 1968. Looking south across bakery. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J68f1643

VI.6.17 Pompeii. 1968. Looking south across bakery. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J68f1643

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking north-west across bakery towards a rear room.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking north-west across bakery towards a rear room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Bakery and dwelling house. 
Linked to VI.6.18, VI.6.19, VI.6.20 and VI.6.21

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005.

Looking north from bakery room into room at its rear, possibly used as a storeroom or a room for raising the bread-dough.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking north in rear room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking north in rear room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking north into rear room of bakery. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. September 2019. Looking north into rear room of bakery. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005. West wall of oven.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2005. West wall of oven in rear room.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Window/recess in east wall of rear room, into west wall of oven. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Window/recess in east wall of rear room, into west wall of oven. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Structure against west wall of rear room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Structure against west wall of rear room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking south across bakery room from rear room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking south across bakery room from rear room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Near the west wall of the bakery room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.6.17 Pompeii. May 2017. Near the west wall of the bakery room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Chronique des activités archéologiques de l’École française de Rome

Les cités vésuviennes

Pompéi, Pistrina

Recherches sur les boulangeries de l’Italie romaine – campagne 2012

Nicolas Monteix, Sandra Zanella, Sanna Aho, Raphael Macario et Evan Proudfoot.

 

Le matériel suivant est © Ecole française de Rome.
Utilisation soumise à
CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0
Voir
http://cefr.revues.org/954

 

Merci à Nicolas Monteix et à ses collègues.

 

The following material is © Ecole française de Rome.

Use subject to CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0

See http://cefr.revues.org/954

 

Our thanks to Nicolas Monteix and colleagues.

 

Épigraphie des moulins

Dans le cadre du catalogage des différents éléments associés aux boulangeries, le relevé des marques sur meules a été initié durant cette campagne. Loin d’être inédites, ces inscriptions ont presque toutes déjà bénéficié de la lecture de H. Dressel, transcrite dans le volume X du CIL, sous le numéro 8057. Toutefois, la réalisation d’apographes permet de compléter et parfois de revoir les lectures proposées. Surtout, l’analyse de ces inscriptions en contexte permet, par-delà quelques pertes et lacunes, d’esquisser un parcours de ces moulins entre la carrière et la boulangerie.

 

Pour l’heure, sous réserve d’achever les apographes et la recension, aux trente-six inscriptions éditées par Mommsen, s’ajoutent cinq autres, non mises au jour au moment de l’édition du second volume du CIL X ou non observées. Quatorze inscriptions ont été revues, six apographes réalisés (fig. 18).

 

Fig. 18 - Pompéi Pistrina. Apographes des marques incisées sur des catilli. 
Échelle : 1/10.
Relevé – dessin : N. Monteix / ÉfR.

Fig. 18 - Pompéi Pistrina. Apographes des marques incisées sur des catilli.

Échelle : 1/10.

Relevé – dessin : N. Monteix / ÉfR.

 

Il convient en première approche de souligner que toutes les inscriptions revues ont été incisées sur des meules réalisées en basalte d’Orvieto (Note 5). Toutefois, tous les moulins provenant du Latium ne présentent pas nécessairement d’inscription. Selon les observations d’H. Dressel, transmises par Th. Mommsen, sept des trente-deux marques inscrites étaient rehaussées de peinture rouge, tandis que six étaient exclusivement peintes et non incisées. Pour l’heure, aucune des inscriptions peintes recensées dans le CIL ne semble avoir été préservée.

 

Note 5 : Sur les différentes provenances des meules de Pompéi, voir Buffone 1999, p. 117-130.

 

Les inscriptions incisées peuvent être lues tant sur les catilli que sur les metae. Ces dernières sont toutefois plus rares (24 %) et plus difficiles à revoir en raison de leur possible dissimulation par le massif maçonné entourant la meule dormante. Quand elles sont sur le catillus, elles sont systématiquement disposées sous l’un des deux trous d’emmanchement (fig. 19), c’est-à-dire que le tronc de cône sur lequel elles se trouvent était posé au sol au moment de la gravure.

 

Fig. 19 - Pompéi Pistrina. Marque Hos(…) sur les catilli des boulangeries VII 2, 22 (à gauche) ;) et VI 14, 28-32 (à droite), en remploi ; CIL X, 8057, 7 b.
À gauche, CIL X, 8057, 7 a; à droite, en remploi, CIL X, 8057, 7 b.
Cliché : Fr. Pauvarel / ÉfR et cliché – dessin : N. Monteix / ÉfR

Fig. 19 - Pompéi Pistrina. Marque Hos(…) sur les catilli des boulangeries VII 2, 22 (à gauche) ;) et VI 14, 28-32 (à droite), en remploi ; CIL X, 8057, 7 b.

À gauche, CIL X, 8057, 7 a; à droite, en remploi, CIL X, 8057, 7 b.

Cliché : Fr. Pauvarel / ÉfR et cliché – dessin : N. Monteix / ÉfR

 

En attendant de les revoir toutes, ces marques incisées renvoient à seize noms différents, pouvant éventuellement être réduits à quatorze. Eu égard à la nature du support, aucune de ces inscriptions ne comporte plus de trois lettres. De ce fait, on ne saurait pour l’heure déterminer dans chaque cas à quel élément de nomenclature tronqué renvoie l’inscription (Note 6). Quelques exemples suggèrent cependant des tria nomina abrégés et dépourvus de cognomen (Note 7).

 

Note 6 : L’inscription GEA(…) [CIL X, 8057, 6 a] pourrait être l’abréviation d’un cognomen, tandis que les marques HOS(…) [CIL X, 8057, 7], SEX(…) [CIL X, 8057, 11] et TVL(…) [CIL X, 8057, 13] pourraient renvoyer à des gentilices.

 

Note 7 : Les inscriptions P(…) MA(…) [CIL X, 8057, 10], C(…) MA(…) [CIL X, 8057, 9] et C(…) CO(…) [CIL X, 8057, 4 relue] pourraient correspondre à ce cas de figure.

 

En dépit de ces variantes, plusieurs hypothèses peuvent être formulées quant au sens de ces marques. Elles peuvent avoir été faites (1-) sur le lieu d’extraction et caractériser soit (1-a) l’exploitant et/ou propriétaire des carrières, soit (1-b) un simple carrier. Une alternative consisterait à y voir (2) des marques incisées pour nommer l’acheteur final de la meule, le boulanger. Le fait que l’on retrouve la même marque dans plusieurs boulangeries et qu’un même pistrinum présente des meules avec des marques différentes permet de repousser la dernière hypothèse. On retiendra donc que les inscriptions incisées renvoient à l’extraction. En suivant cette hypothèse, il est également possible de considérer que la même carrière (le même carrier ou le même exploitant) n’a pas de spécialisation dans sa production : elle fera autant des catilli que des metae. Une dernière remarque peut être faite quant aux rares inscriptions simplement peintes : leur texte ne se retrouve jamais parmi les marques incisées ; on considérera donc que ces indications peintes en rouge pourraient caractériser soit un intermédiaire, soit le destinataire des moulins.

 

A priori, seul un unique exemple est préservé sur un catillus : la meule encore en place de la boulangerie des Chastes amants (IX 12, 6.8) offre deux inscriptions peintes à la lecture – à condition de modifier la balance des couleurs (fig. 20). La première, qui méritera d’être photographiée de nouveau avec un cadrage plus large, est très effacée et pourrait être un V. La deuxième, peinte dans un second temps, indiquerait le destinataire du catillus et donc l’occupant ou le propriétaire de la boulangerie. Les trois lettres séparées d’un point se lisent C.I.P., que l’on développera en C(aio) I(ulio) P(olybio) ou C(aio) I(ulio) P(hilippo) (Note 8).

 

Note 8 : L’intuition que cette boulangerie ait appartenu à Caius Iulius Polybius avait été émise à titre d’hypothèse par Varone 1989, p. 225-238, p. 236 et 1991, p. 195-204, p. 200, puis par Zevi 1996, p. 78-85, p. 79. La lecture de cette inscription paraît leur donner raison, au moins quant au lien avec les Iulii. Nous adressons par ailleurs tous nos remerciements à A. Varone pour ses remarques sur la lecture de cette inscription, confirmant notre transcription.

 

Fig. 20 - Pompéi Pistrina. Catillus dans la boulangerie des Chastes amants. 
De gauche à droite : cliché initial ; cliché dont la balance des couleurs a été numériquement modifiée pour faire ressortir les rouges, passé en noir et blanc ; schéma d’interprétation du second cliché.
Cliché / DAO : N. Monteix / ÉfR.

Fig. 20 - Pompéi Pistrina. Catillus dans la boulangerie des Chastes amants.

De gauche à droite : cliché initial ; cliché dont la balance des couleurs a été numériquement modifiée pour faire ressortir les rouges, passé en noir et blanc ; schéma d’interprétation du second cliché.

Cliché / DAO : N. Monteix / ÉfR.

 

Bibliography

Buffone 1999 = L. Buffone et al., Le macine rotatorie in rocce vulcaniche di Pompei, dans Rivista di studi pompeiani, 10, 1999, p. 117-130.

Varone 1989 = A. Varone, Pompei. Attività dell’Ufficio Scavi: 1989, dans Rivista di studi pompeiani, 3, 1989, p. 225-238, p. 236.

Varone 1991 = A. Varone, Pompei. Attività dell’Ufficio Scavi: 1991, dans Rivista di studi pompeiani, 5, 1991, p. 195-204, p. 200.

Zevi 1996 = F. Zevi, La casa di Giulio Polibio, dans M. R. Borriello (éd.), Pompei. Abitare sotto il Vesuvio, Ferrare, 1996, p. 78-85, p. 79.

Pour citer cet article

Référence électronique

Nicolas Monteix, Sandra Zanella, Sanna Aho, Raphael Macario et Evan Proudfoot, « Pompéi, Pistrina  », Chronique des activités archéologiques de l’École française de Rome [En ligne], Les cités vésuviennes, mis en ligne le 23 mai 2013, URL : http://journals.openedition.org/cefr/954 

 

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 14-Mar-2020 16:04