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IX.4.18 Pompeii. Terme Centrali or Central Baths.

Main Entrance from Via di Nola.

Excavated 1817, 1836 and 1877-8.

 

Part 1      Part 2      Part 3      Terme Centrali or Central Baths Plan

 

The photographs for the inside of the baths can be found on these pages for the main entrance at IX.4.18.

 

LE TERME CENTRALI E IL CALCO DELLO SCHELETRO DEL BAMBINO

Il complesso delle Terme Centrali apre per la prima volta al pubblico dopo i restauri.

 

In esposizione, in uno degli ambienti di ingresso, il calco dello scheletro della vittima di un bambino di 7/8 anni rinvenuto durante i lavori, e giΰ precedentemente intercettato all’epoca degli scavi ottocenteschi.

 

L’intero complesso θ stato oggetto di interventi di consolidamento (trattamento delle lacune, consolidamenti, sarcitura delle lesioni, ripristino delle sommitΰ murarie; ripristino dei livelli dei davanzali e delle soglie; sostituzione di architravi) e di restauro (revisione e restauro dei paramenti murari e degli intonaci; pulitura e restauro dell’impluvio, delle vasche e della scala; restauro dei tubuli nel calidarium), realizzati con fondi ordinari.

 

Poste all’incrocio tra via di Nola e via Stabiana, le terme si sviluppano sullo spazio di un intero isolato - l'insula 4 della Regio IX-, riutilizzato a seguito dello spianamento degli edifici preesistenti, probabilmente danneggiati dal terremoto del 62 d.C. 

 

Al momento dell’eruzione la costruzione del complesso non risultava ultimata, ma l’ambizioso progetto di monumentalitΰ si intuisce giΰ̀ dalla facciata che dà sul cortile. Le sale per i bagni si presentavano molto piὼ spaziose e luminose rispetto alle altre terme di Pompei. Manca invece la separazione tra parte femminile e maschile e si suppone che fossero previste fasce orarie diverse per donne e uomini.

 

Vedi Cartella Stampa PAP Novembre 2019

THE CENTRAL BATHS AND THE CAST OF THE CHILD'S SKELETON

The Central Baths complex has opened to the public for the first time after the restorations.

 

On display, in one of the entrance areas, the cast of the skeleton of the victim of a 7/8 year old child found during the works, and already previously intercepted at the time of the nineteenth-century excavations.

 

The entire complex has been the subject of consolidation (treatment of gaps, consolidations, repair of damage, restoration of wall tops; restoration of the levels of window sills and thresholds; replacement of lintels) and restoration works (revision and restoration of wall vestments and plasters; cleaning and restoration of the impluvium, the baths and the staircase; restoration of the conduits in the calidarium), carried out with ordinary funds.

 

Located at the intersection of Via di Nola and Via Stabiana, the baths spread over the space of an entire block - the Regio IX-insula 4 -, reused following the flattening of the pre-existing buildings, probably damaged by the earthquake of 62 D.C.

 

At the time of the eruption the construction of the complex was not completed, but the ambitious monumental project can be deduced from the faηade overlooking the courtyard.

 

The bathing rooms were much more spacious and brightly lit than in the other baths in Pompeii. On the other hand, there is a lack of separate female and male areas and it is assumed that different time slots were to be provided for women and men.

 

See PAP press release November 2019

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2011. Terme Centrali or Central Baths. Front of north wall and main entrance “a” (left) on Via di Nola. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2011. Terme Centrali or Central Baths. Front of north wall and main entrance “a” (left) on Via di Nola.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. December 2005. Terme Centrali or Central Baths. Main entrance “a” from Via di Nola. According to La Rocca, De Vos and De Vos this was the main entrance to the baths. Viola suggests this in his excavation report because on the left side were two small rooms. It seemed to him these could have been, a ticket office “b”: and a room “c” where valuables could be left with a capsarius (clothes minder). See Viola L, 1879. Gli Scavi di Pompei dal 1873 al 1878, p. 30-1. See La Rocca, De Vos and De Vos, 1976. Guida Archeologica di Pompei. Mondadori Editore, p. 307-9.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. December 2005. Terme Centrali or Central Baths. Main entrance “a” from Via di Nola.

According to La Rocca, De Vos and De Vos this was the main entrance to the baths.

Viola suggests this in his excavation report because on the left side were two small rooms.

It seemed to him these could have been, a ticket office “b”: and a room “c” where valuables could be left with a capsarius (clothes minder).

See Viola L, 1879. Gli Scavi di Pompei dal 1873 al 1878, p. 30-1.

See La Rocca, De Vos and De Vos, 1976. Guida Archeologica di Pompei. Mondadori Editore, p. 307-9.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Plan of the Baths on information notice-board. The entrance from the Via Nola is at the top. 
Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Plan of the Baths on information noticeboard. The entrance from the Via Nola is at the top.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Plan of the Baths on information notice-board. The entrance from the Via Nola is on the left. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Plan of the Baths on information noticeboard. The entrance from the Via Nola is on the left.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Information notice-board. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Information noticeboard. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Plan of the Baths on information notice-board. The entrance from the Via Nola is at the top. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Plan of the Baths on information noticeboard. The entrance from the Via Nola is at the top.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2017. Looking south towards east side, from entrance “a” into baths palaestra “d”.
Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2017. Looking south towards east side, from entrance “a” into baths palaestra “d”.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2017. Looking south from entrance “a” into baths palaestra “d”.
Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2017. Looking south from entrance “a” into baths palaestra “d”. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2015. Looking south from entrance “a” into baths palaestra “d”.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2015. Looking south from entrance “a” into baths palaestra “d”.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. December 2005. Looking south from entrance “a” into baths palaestra “d”.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. December 2005. Looking south from entrance “a” into baths palaestra “d”.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2004. Looking south across the north portico towards the east side of the palaestra “d”, from the entrance. 
A depression in the ground on the east side would have been where a large outdoor pool “h” was to be built.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2004. Looking south across the north portico towards the east side of the palaestra “d”, from the entrance.

A depression in the ground on the east side would have been where a large outdoor pool “h” was to be built.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 2018. Looking north to entrance on Via di Nola. Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 2018. Looking north to entrance on Via di Nola. Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii, May 2018. Looking south across the east side of palaestra “d” from the entrance doorway, during renovation. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

IX.4.18 Pompeii, May 2018. Looking south across the east side of palaestra “d” from the entrance doorway, during renovation.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2011. Entrance “a” with rooms “b” and “c”. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
According to Viola these two small rooms were probably intended to be a ticket office “b” and a deposit room “c” in which valuables could be left with a capsarius (clothes minder).
The entrance led directly into the palaestra “d”.
See Viola L, 1879. Gli Scavi di Pompei dal 1873 al 1878, p. 30-1.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2011. Entrance “a” with rooms “b” and “c”. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

According to Viola these two small rooms were probably intended to be a ticket office “b” and a deposit room “c” in which valuables could be left with a capsarius (clothes minder). The entrance led directly into the palaestra “d”.

See Viola L, 1879. Gli Scavi di Pompei dal 1873 al 1878, p. 30-1.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2011. Staircase on north side of baths, next to rooms “b” and “c”.  (taken from IX.4.5).  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2011.

Staircase on north side of baths, next to rooms “b” and “c”. (taken from IX.4.5). Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2004. Looking south-east from the entrance “a”. 
On the left were two small rooms, a ticket office “b” and a room “c” where valuables could be left with a capsarius (clothes minder).
The entrance would have led directly into the palaestra “d”.
In the north-east corner of the palaestra was a doorway leading into an unfinished room “i”, probably the apodyterium (changing room).
However Mau believed that the room, together with the other smaller rooms “k”, “l”, “m”, “n” and “o” around it, would have been used as shops to sell things for the convenience of the bathers and users of the baths.
The frigidarium “p” (cold) was to the south of the unfinished room, whether it was used as a changing room or shops. 
It was a large rectangular room with a basin for cold baths along the east side, opposite the three windows. This cold bath was nearly five feet deep. 
According to La Rocca, De Vos and De Vos “p” was the apodyterium and there was no frigidarium.
The frigidarium or apodyterium led into the tepidarium “q” (warm), which also had three large windows all opening out onto the palaestra “d”.
The tepidarium led into the caldarium “s” (hot), which was placed so that its three large windows would have received the greatest amount of warm afternoon and evening sun.
There were five smaller windows built into the south wall of the caldarium. These looked out onto a small garden area “t”.
On the east side of the tepidarium and caldarium was the small round laconicum or sweating room “r”, made to feel larger by four semicircular niches, and lit by three small round windows high up above the cornice of the vaulted ceiling. 
The vaulted ceiling was partly conserved, whereas the ceilings of the warm and hot rooms were totally collapsed.
None of these rooms were finished, although the hollow floors and walls had been built into the warm, hot and sweating rooms.
No marble had been laid into the bath pools.
The two furnaces had not yet been built. These would have been built in the area “t” by the entrance at IX.4.15.
See Notizie degli Scavi di Antichitΰ, June 1877, (p.445, description and finds).
See BdI 1877, (p.214-223)
See BdI, 1878, (p251- 254) 
See La Rocca, De Vos and De Vos, 1976. Guida Archeologica di Pompei. Mondadori Editore, p. 307-9.
According to Jashemski, the five small windows of the caldarium looked out onto a small garden “t”.
The garden would have had a wall enclosing it, to hide from view the men walking back and forth tending the furnaces.
The wall was only partially completed.
See Jashemski, W. F., 1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Volume II: Appendices. New York: Caratzas, p. 235).

IX.4.18 Pompeii. September 2004. Looking south-east from the entrance “a”.

In the north-east corner of the palaestra was a doorway leading into an unfinished room “i”, probably the apodyterium (changing room).

However, Mau believed that the room, together with the other smaller rooms “k”, “l”, “m”, “n” and “o” around it, would have been used as shops to sell things for the convenience of the bathers and users of the baths.

The frigidarium “p” (cold) was to the south of the unfinished room, whether it was used as a changing room or shops.

It was a large rectangular room with a basin for cold baths along the east side, opposite the three windows. This cold bath was nearly five feet deep.

According to La Rocca, De Vos and De Vos “p” was the apodyterium and there was no frigidarium.

The frigidarium or apodyterium led into the tepidarium “q” (warm), which also had three large windows all opening out onto the palaestra “d”.

The tepidarium led into the caldarium “s” (hot), which was placed so that its three large windows would have received the greatest amount of warm afternoon and evening sun.

There were five smaller windows built into the south wall of the caldarium. These looked out onto a small garden area “t”.

On the east side of the tepidarium and caldarium was the small round laconicum or sweating room “r”, made to feel larger by four semi-circular niches, and lit by three small round windows high up above the cornice of the vaulted ceiling.

The vaulted ceiling was partly conserved, whereas the ceilings of the warm and hot rooms were totally collapsed.

None of these rooms were finished, although the hollow floors and walls had been built into the warm, hot and sweating rooms.

No marble had been laid into the bath pools.

The two furnaces had not yet been built. These would have been built in the area “t” by the entrance at IX.4.15.

See Notizie degli Scavi di Antichitΰ, June 1877, (p.445, description and finds).

See Bullettino dell’Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica (DAIR), 1877, (p.214-223)

See Bullettino dell’Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica (DAIR), 1878, (p251- 254)

See La Rocca, De Vos and De Vos, 1976. Guida Archeologica di Pompei. Mondadori Editore, p. 307-9.

According to Jashemski, the five small windows of the caldarium looked out onto a small garden “t”.

The garden would have had a wall enclosing it, to hide from view the men walking back and forth tending the furnaces.

The wall was only partially completed.

See Jashemski, W. F., 1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Volume II: Appendices. New York: Caratzas, p. 235).

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. 
Aerial view of room “i” with red circle marking skeleton, rooms “k”, “L” and “m” on the north side, and rooms “n” and “o” on the east side. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020.

Aerial view of room “i” with red circle marking skeleton, rooms “k”, “L” and “m” on the north side, and rooms “n” and “o” on the east side.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Information notice-board. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Information noticeboard. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Looking towards rooms “k”, “L” and “m” on the north side. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Looking towards rooms “k”, “L” and “m” on the north side. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Looking north-east towards rooms “n” and “o”. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Looking north-east towards rooms “n” and “o”. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

Lo scheletro della piccola vittima

Ad aprile del 2018, all’interno del grande complesso, θ stato rinvenuto lo scheletro di un bambino di 7 -8 anni. Il ritrovamento θ apparso straordinario sia per la fortuita e inaspettata scoperta nel corso dell’intervento di consolidamento e restauro del complesso termale giΰ scavato nell’800, sia per la collocazione inusuale del corpicino rispetto alla stratigrafia vulcanica del 79 d.c.

 

Lo scheletro θ emerso durante la pulizia di un ambiente di ingresso. Al di sotto di uno strato di circa 10 centimetri θ affiorato prima il piccolo cranio e in un secondo momento le ossa, disposte in maniera raccolta, che hanno permesso di formulare le prime ipotesi circa l’etΰ del fanciullo che, in fuga dall’ eruzione, aveva trovato ricovero nelle Terme Centrali. 

 
La peculiaritΰ del ritrovamento θ che lo scheletro era immerso nel flusso piroclastico (mix di gas e materiale vulcanico). Normalmente nella stratigrafia dell’eruzione del 79 d.C. θ presente nel livello piω basso il lapillo e poi la cenere che sigilla tutto. In questo caso si doveva trattare di un ambiente chiuso dove il lapillo non θ riuscito ad entrare nι a provocare il crollo dei tetti, mentre θ penetrato direttamente il flusso piroclastico dalle finestre, nella fase finale dell’eruzione.

 

Si tratta di ambienti giΰ scavati tra il 1877 e il 1878. In quell’occasione lo scheletro doveva essere giΰ stato intercettato, ma inspiegabilmente non scavato, forse perchι lo strato vulcanico non permetteva la realizzazione di un calco.

 

Lo scheletro, oggi al Laboratorio di Ricerche applicate del Parco Archeologico di Pompei, θ stato oggetto di indagini antropologiche, che vengono condotte in maniera sistematica fin dal ritrovamento dei reperti.

 

Vedi Cartella Stampa PAP Novembre 2019

 

The Skeleton of the Little Victim

In April 2018, inside the large complex, the skeleton of a 7-8 year old child was found. The discovery was extraordinary because of the fortuitous and unexpected discovery during the consolidation and restoration of the thermal complex already excavated in the 1800s, and for the unusual placement of the little body with respect to the volcanic stratigraphy of 79 AD.

 

The skeleton emerged while cleaning an entrance area. Below a layer of about 10cm the small skull was found first and then the bones, arranged in a collected manner, which made it possible to formulate initial hypotheses about the age of the child who, fleeing the eruption, had found shelter in the Central Baths.

 

The peculiarity of the find is that the skeleton was immersed in the pyroclastic flow (a mixture of gas and volcanic material). Normally in the stratigraphy of the eruption of 79 AD there is lapilli in the lowest level and then ash that seals everything. In this case it must have been a closed environment where the lapilli could not enter or cause the roof to collapse, while the pyroclastic flow entered directly through the windows, in the final phase of the eruption.

 

These are rooms already excavated between 1877 and 1878. On that occasion the skeleton must have already been intercepted, but inexplicably not excavated, perhaps because the volcanic layer did not allow the realization of a cast.

 

The skeleton, now in the Applied Research Laboratory of the Pompeii Archaeological Park, has been the subject of anthropological investigations, which have been conducted systematically since the finds were made.

 

See PAP press release November 2019

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 2018. Location in room "I", outside room "n", where the skeleton of a child of about 7-8 years old was discovered.
According to the PAP noticeboard, the skeletal remains were undisturbed, but had been repositioned, with great attention, probably by the excavators of the third quarter of the 19th century.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 2018. Location in room "I", outside room "n", where the skeleton of a child of about 7-8 years old was discovered.

According to the PAP noticeboard, the skeletal remains were undisturbed, but had been repositioned, with great attention, probably by the excavators of the third quarter of the 19th century.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 2018. Discovery outside room "n" of the skeleton of a child. Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 2018. Discovery outside room "n" of the skeleton of a child. Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Information notice-board regarding skeleton. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Information noticeboard regarding skeleton. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Cast of skeleton found outside room “n”. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Cast of skeleton found outside room “n”. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 2018. Skeleton found outside room “n”. 
Laboratory studies of the skeleton based on the measurement of the long bones and on dental development have allowed the PAP to estimate the age as 7-8 years old.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 2018. Skeleton found outside room “n”.

Laboratory studies of the skeleton based on the measurement of the long bones and on dental development have allowed the PAP to estimate the age as 7-8 years old.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Corridor leading east in north-east corner. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Corridor leading east in north-east corner. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Flooring in corridor leading east. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Flooring in corridor leading east. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. March 2018. Corridor leading east in north-east corner. New floor emerging during restorations. Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. March 2018. Corridor leading east in north-east corner. New floor emerging during restorations.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “p”, west end, looking towards doorway to room “q” in south wall. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “p”, west end, looking towards doorway to room “q” in south wall. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “p”, apodyterium or frigidarium, looking towards east wall with recess/niche, with doorway to room “q” on right. 
Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “p”, apodyterium or frigidarium, looking towards east wall with recess/niche, with doorway to room “q” on right.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “p”, apodyterium or frigidarium, looking towards north wall with doorway to room “i”. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “p”, apodyterium or frigidarium, looking towards north wall with doorway to room “i”.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “p”, apodyterium or frigidarium, recess/niche in east wall. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “p”, apodyterium or frigidarium, recess/niche in east wall.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. 
Room “q”, tepidarium, looking towards east wall with doorway to room “r”, and two doorways in south wall leading into room “s”, on right.  
Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020.

Room “q”, tepidarium, looking towards east wall with doorway to room “r”, and two doorways in south wall leading into room “s”, on right. 

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. 
Room “q”, tepidarium, looking towards north wall with two doorways into room “p”. On the right is the doorway to room “r”. 
Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020.

Room “q”, tepidarium, looking towards north wall with two doorways into room “p”. On the right is the doorway to room “r”.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii.  Photo c1930s by Tatiana Warscher of door from tepidarium to apodyterium.

IX.4.18 Pompeii.  Photo c1930s by Tatiana Warscher of door from tepidarium to apodyterium.

According to Garcia y Garcia, this bathing complex was excavated between 1877 and 1878, and would have been the largest and most modern in Pompeii.

The entire area was a building site, but construction work was brutally interrupted by the eruption of 79.

During the bombing of the night of September 16th, 1943 the tepidarium “q” was hit although the report called it the laconicum, together with the demolition of the eastern wall in Opus incertum laterizia for the distance of 4 x 8m. Sadly there were other damages and partial demolition of the brick structure.

See Garcia y Garcia, L., 2006. Danni di guerra a Pompei. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider, (p.153).

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “s”, caldarium, looking across to south-east corner. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “s”, caldarium, looking across to south-east corner. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “s”, caldarium, looking towards north wall with two doorways from room “q”. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “s”, caldarium, looking towards north wall with two doorways from room “q”. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “s”, caldarium, looking towards south wall. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. October 2020. Room “s”, caldarium, looking towards south wall. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. Terme Centrali. 2018. Bath at east end of caldarium “s”. Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. Terme Centrali. 2018. Bath at east end of caldarium “s”. Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. Central Baths. May 1886. Looking west from bath end of caldarium “s”.
Hypocaust of caldarium. Courtesy of Society of Antiquaries. Fox Collection.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. Central Baths. May 1886. Looking west from bath end of caldarium “s”. Hypocaust of caldarium.

Courtesy of Society of Antiquaries. Fox Collection.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. Central Baths. May 1886. Bath at east end of caldarium “s” showing hypocaust. Courtesy of Society of Antiquaries. Fox Collection.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. Central Baths. May 1886. Bath at east end of caldarium “s” showing hypocaust.

Courtesy of Society of Antiquaries. Fox Collection.

 

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 1974. Flue tile built into the walls of the Central Baths. Photo courtesy of Roger B Ulrich. © Roger B Ulrich.

IX.4.18 Pompeii. 1974. Flue tile built into the walls of the Central Baths. Photo courtesy of Roger B Ulrich. © Roger B Ulrich.

 

 

Part 2      Part 3      Terme Centrali or Central Baths Plan

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 26-Apr-2021 11:43