PompeiiinPictures

V.2 Pompeii, Vicolo dei Balconi. Casa di Orione. Casa con mosaico groma. Casa dell’agrimensore?

House of Orion. House with groma mosaic. House of the surveyor?

Excavated 2018.

 

Orione 1      Orione 2      Orione 3      Plan

 

We have constructed these pages from press material and photos produced by the Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

Our grateful thanks to the Parco Archeologico di Pompei for giving us permission to use their press releases and photos.

 

Abbiamo costruito queste pagine da materiale stampa e foto prodotte dal Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

Ringraziamo il Parco Archeologico di Pompei per averci dato il permesso di utilizzare i loro comunicati stampa e le loro foto.

 

Casa di Orione?

This house, which was originally referred to as being an extension of the Casa di Giove V.2.15, is now being referred to as the Casa di Orione or the House of Orion named after the unique mosaic found in ambiente A13. The presence of an entrance A4 on the Vicolo dei Balconi would suggest the numbering of the insula entrances will change.

 

Casa dell’agrimensore?

A study of the Pompeii Archaeological Park and the Polytechnic University of Milan confirms that the Romans were highly competent technicians. Pompeii once again confirms itself as a place of choice for the understanding of the life and civilization of the Romans, and in particular of their effective and innovative technical capabilities.

 

In the recent article "Gromatics illustrations from newly discovered pavements in Pompeii", Massimo Osanna, Director General of the Archaeological Park of Pompeii, together with Luisa Ferro and Giulio Magli of the School of Architecture of the Polytechnic University of Milan proposed a new interpretation of the enigmatic mosaics recently recalled in the House of Orion (otherwise known as the House of Jupiter) in Pompeii: they would have a clear analogy with the illustrations of the codes of the Roman gromatics, highly specialized technicians, who they were involved in the measurement of the earth and the tracing of the lines for the foundation of cities, using a special topographical tool called, precisely, groma.

 

https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.13145v1

 

Uno studio del Parco Archeologico di Pompei e del Politecnico di Milano conferma che i romani furono tecnici altamente competenti. Pompei si conferma ancora una volta luogo di elezione per la comprensione della vita e della civiltà dei Romani, e in particolare delle loro efficaci e innovative capacità tecniche.

 

Nel recente articolo “Gromatics illustrations from newly discovered pavements in Pompeii”, Massimo Osanna, Direttore Generale del Parco Archeologico di Pompei, insieme a Luisa Ferro e Giulio Magli della Scuola di Architettura del Politecnico di Milano hanno proposto una nuova interpretazione degli enigmatici mosaici recentemente rivenuti nella Casa di Orione (altrimenti nota come casa di Giove) a Pompei: essi avrebbero una chiara analogia con le illustrazioni dei codici dei gromatici romani, tecnici altamente specializzati che si occupavano della misurazione della terra e del tracciamento delle linee per la fondazione delle città, utilizzando uno speciale strumento topografico chiamato, appunto, groma.

 

https://twitter.com/LoveArchaeology/status/1201849091644411904

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. October 2019. Plan showing house with mosaics and gromatic representations in the tablinum A7 and fauces A4.
The rooms in the lower left-hand corner, excavated in the 19th century, were previously believed to be part of V.2.15 the Casa di Giove.
See Osanna M., Magli G., Ferro L. October 2019. Gromatics illustrations from newly discovered pavements in Pompeii. Cornell University, fig. 2. https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.13145v1

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. October 2019. Plan showing house with mosaics and gromatic representations in the tablinum A7 and fauces A4.

The rooms in the lower left-hand corner, excavated in the 19th century, were previously believed to be part of V.2.15 the Casa di Giove.

See Osanna M., Magli G., Ferro L. October 2019. Gromatics illustrations from newly discovered pavements in Pompeii. Cornell University, fig. 2. https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.13145v1

 

Bibliography

Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (published 26th November 2019).

Osanna M., Magli G., Ferro L. October 2019. Gromatics illustrations from newly discovered pavements in Pompeii. Cornell University. https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.13145v1

 

Links

Decorated mosaic floor - winged figure

Decorated mosaic floor - serpent

Decorated mosaic floor - crocodile and dog/boar?

Decorated mosaic floor - panther?

Decorated mosaic floor - floor edge

 

Decorated mosaic floor - Orion

Decorated mosaic floor – vessels at floor edge

 

Atrium

Atrium corner - 1st style

Atrium wall - 1st style

 

Room off atrium - 1st style

Entrance - from atrium 1st style

 

Entrance from atrium during excavation

 

Room with floral decoration

Wall with floral decoration

Bourbon hole between 1st style room and floral decoration room

 

Red and white walls

 

Alcove with fresco of wounded Adonis, Venus and cupids

Detail of fresco of wounded Adonis, Venus and cupids

 

Gromatic mosaics

 

2018 excavations initial report

 

Being investigated (2018) in the west part of the wedge, are a series of rooms likely referable to the House of Jupiter, already partly excavated in the nineteenth century, (immediately south and east of the Silver Wedding House).

The investigations, still in progress, have made it possible to identify a wide excavation intervention attributable to the eighteenth century, or to the early nineteenth century, with a circular pit from which several tunnels departed.

It already seems possible to recognize the entrance (fauces), on the Alley of the Balconies, and an atrium which seems to overlook various rooms.

Two rooms overlook onto the Colonnade Garden (peristyle) of this House:

One to the south with rich decorations in first style, with frames and cornices in stucco,

One on the north with a decoration in the third style in which one can recognize, in particular, a pair of birds in the centre of a box.

Although already investigated by an exploratory trench and a tunnel dateable to the first modern investigations, in the corner of this room, still partly to be excavated, an elegant Bronze Portalucerne (candelabra) was found, resting on the floor.

 

Casa di Giove

In due ambienti la parte centrale del pavimento è decorata da eccezionali riquadri a mosaico rettangolari di grande qualità artistica e con raffigurazioni straordinarie, prive, finora, di precisi confronti e che, a un primo esame, sembrano riferirsi a miti poco rappresentati, probabilmente di carattere astrologico.

Domus che continuano a delinearsi nella loro struttura completa, con affreschi preziosi, oggetti e tracce di vita quotidiana. E’ quanto sta avvenendo sul cantiere della Regio V degli scavi di Pompei, dove proseguono quotidianamente le scoperte di strutture e reperti.

Una di queste ricche dimore è la casa di Giove, che sta emergendo con tutti i suoi ambienti decorati.

La casa fu già in parte scavata tra Settecento e Ottocento e piuttosto compromessa in più punti da cunicoli e trincee, tuttora visibili, con i quali era in uso praticare gli scavi in epoca borbonica. Il nome della casa deriva da un quadretto raffigurante Giove rinvenuto già nell’800 su un larario posto nel giardino.

L’intervento odierno sta via via profilando la pianta di una dimora con atrio centrale, circondato da stanze decorate, ingresso lungo il vicolo dei balconi, anche esso di recente scoperta e sul fondo uno spazio aperto colonnato su cui si affacciano altri tre ambienti.

Gli ambienti di rappresentanza attorno all’atrio hanno svelato una ricca decorazione in primo stile, con riquadri di stucco imitanti lastre (crustae) marmoree dipinte di vivaci colori (rosso, nero, giallo, verde) e conservata in alcuni punti della parte superiore, una ricca cornice di stucco con modanature dentellate. L’atrio stesso era completato probabilmente, da un fregio dorico in stucco, con rifiniture in blu e rosso, attestato dai numerosi frammenti rinvenuti in alcuni punti.

E’ molto probabile che la casa abbia volutamente mantenuto, negli spazi di rappresentanza, questa più antica decorazione in I stile che, in altre dimore pompeiane, era stata frequentemente sostituita da decorazioni più moderne.

Tracce di un incendio sono state invece ritrovate, in un ambiente della domus confinante con la adiacente casa delle Nozze d’Argento, già in buona parte indagato in passato. L’incendio aveva annerito la  parete affrescata coinvolgendo elementi di arredo, tra cui probabilmente un letto, come sembrerebbe dai frammenti di legno e di stoffa carbonizzati.

Un bel quadretto idillico-sacrale, che raffigura una scena di sacrificio nei pressi di un santuario agreste è emerso, invece, in un ambiente poco distante dalla casa di Giove, in quella che attualmente è identificata come Casa a Nord del giardino. Si tratta di una tra le prime scene figurate di una certa complessità, assieme al quadro dell’Adone ferito con Venere e amorini, già emerso in un alcova poco distante.

In due ambienti la parte centrale del pavimento è decorata da eccezionali riquadri a mosaico rettangolari di grande qualità artistica e con raffigurazioni straordinarie, prive, finora, di precisi confronti e che, a un primo esame, sembrano riferirsi a miti poco rappresentati, probabilmente di carattere astrologico.

House of Jupiter

In two rooms the central part of the floor is decorated with exceptional rectangular mosaic squares of great artistic quality and with extraordinary representations, hitherto devoid of precise comparisons and which, on first examination, seem to refer to myths that are not widely represented, probably of an astrological nature.

Houses continue to emerge in their complete structure, with precious frescoes, objects and traces of everyday life. This is what is happening on the site of the Regio V of the excavations in Pompeii, where the discoveries of structures and finds continue daily. One of these rich dwellings is the House of Jupiter, which is emerging with all its ornate environments.

The house was already partly excavated between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and rather compromised in several places by tunnels and trenches, still visible, which were the methods used for excavations in the Bourbon era. The name of the house derives from a painting depicting Jupiter found already in the 1800s on a lararium located in the garden.

Today's intervention is gradually profiling the plan of a dwelling with central atrium, surrounded by decorated rooms, the entrance along the Vicolo dei Balconi, also recently discovered, and at the rear, a colonnade open area on which three other rooms overlook. The rooms around the atrium have revealed a rich decoration in first style, with stucco panes imitating marble slabs (crustae) painted in vivid colours (red, black, yellow, green) and preserved in some points of the upper part, a rich frame of stucco with serrated mouldings. The atrium itself was probably completed by a Doric stucco frieze, with finishes in blue and red, attested by the numerous fragments found at some points. It is very probable that the house has deliberately maintained, in these spaces, this oldest decoration in the style which, in other Pompeian dwellings, had been frequently replaced by more modern decorations.

Traces of a fire have been found, in a room of the domus bordering the adjacent house of the silver wedding, already in good part investigated in the past. The fire had blackened the frescoed wall and furnishing elements, including probably a bed, as it would seem from the fragments of wood and carbonized cloth.

A beautiful idyllic-sacral picture depicting a scene of sacrifice near a rural sanctuary has emerged, in a room not far from the House of Jupiter, in what is currently identified as a house north of the garden. It is one of the first figurative scenes of a certain complexity, together with the painting of the wounded Adonis with Venus and Amorini, already emerged in an alcove not far away.

 

In two rooms the central part of the floor is decorated with exceptional rectangular mosaic boxes of great artistic quality and with extraordinary depictions, without, so far, precise comparisons and which, at first examination, seem to refer to little-seen myths, probably astrological.

 

 

Ambiente A1 is a room in an adjacent house

 

 

Ambiente A2. Ambitus or peripheral corridor.

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018. Room A2, looking east at east end, collapsed roof that covered a latrine.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.
According to Osanna, this area was described as an ambitus.
See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 96).

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018. Room A2, looking east at east end, collapsed roof that covered a latrine.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

According to Osanna, this area was described as an ambitus.

See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 96).

 

Ambiente A3. Room, cubiculum, south of entrance A4

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. The two excavators are working in room A3, which is on the east side (left).
On the south side of atrium A12 are rooms A17, A11 in the centre and room A13 on the right.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. The two excavators are working in room A3, which is on the east side (left).

Looking south across atrium towards doorways to rooms A3, on left, A17 on south side, A11 in the centre and room A13 on the right.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Room A3 on the east side of atrium A12, to south of entrance A4.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018.

Doorway to room A3 on the east side of atrium A12, to south of entrance A4.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. July 2018. Room A3 under excavation.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. July 2018. Room A3 under excavation.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018. 
Looking south across room A3 on the south side of entrance A4, under excavation.
In the upper centre of the photo, the holes for the support beams of the upper floor can be seen, indicating a vaulted alcove at the south end of the room.
When further lapilli/debris was removed from the floor area, a bed recess was seen in the west wall of the room.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.
See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 97).

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018.

Looking south across room A3 on the south side of entrance A4, under excavation.

In the upper centre of the photo, the holes for the support beams of the upper floor can be seen, indicating a vaulted alcove at the south end of the room.

When further lapilli/debris was removed from the floor area, a bed recess was seen in the west wall of the room.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 97).

 

Ambiente A4. Entrance

 

V.2.Pompeii. 
Looking north in Vicolo dei Balconi, with Casa di Orione, entrance doorway A4 on west side, centre right. 
The facade is of white block pattern with a yellow upper band.
Upon excavation, the roadway was discovered still not yet completely paved outside this house, it was presumably still in the course of being re-laid.
At the top of the exterior façade, beam holes for the support of a balcony leaning out over the pavement could be made out.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.
See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 89). 
On the north side near to the entrance doorway (centre right of photo), an electoral inscription was painted in red with the name of CELSUM AED O.V.F
This would have been for Lucius Albucius Celsus, followed by AED (aed(ilem) and then O.V.F (o(ro) v(os) f(aciatis), meaning we beg you to vote for Celsus as candidate for aedile.
Above this inscription was another older one painted in red but faded, in larger letters, but unreadable.
See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 92).

V.2.Pompeii.

Looking north in Vicolo dei Balconi, with Casa di Orione, entrance doorway A4 on west side, centre right.

The facade is of white block pattern with a yellow upper band.

Upon excavation, the roadway was discovered still not yet completely paved outside this house, it was presumably still in the course of being re-laid.

At the top of the exterior façade, beam holes for the support of a balcony leaning out over the pavement could be made out.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 89).

On the north side near to the entrance doorway (centre right of photo), an electoral inscription was painted in red with the name of CELSUM AED O.V.F

This would have been for Lucius Albucius Celsus, followed by AED (aed(ilem) and then O.V.F (o(ro) v(os) f(aciatis), meaning we beg you to vote for Celsus as candidate for aedile.

Above this inscription was another older one painted in red but faded, in larger letters, but unreadable.

See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 92).

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Room A4 entrance fauces with painted blockwork on east side of atrium A12. 
Room A5 is to the left (north) of the entrance and room A3 is right (south) of the entrance.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018.

Looking east from atrium A12 towards room A4 entrance fauces with painted blockwork on either side.

Room A5 is to the left (north) of the entrance and room A3 is right (south) of the entrance.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. October 2019. Gromatic representation in the fauces A4.
See Osanna M., Magli G., Ferro L. October 2019. Gromatics illustrations from newly discovered pavements in Pompeii. Cornell University, fig. 3. https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.13145v1

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. October 2019. Gromatic representation in the fauces A4.

See Osanna M., Magli G., Ferro L. October 2019. Gromatics illustrations from newly discovered pavements in Pompeii. Cornell University, fig. 3. https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.13145v1

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Room A4 entrance fauces, face in graffiti.
Photograph Massimo Osanna © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Room A4, entrance fauces, face in graffiti.

Photograph Massimo Osanna © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

Ambiente A5. Room north of entrance A4

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. July 2018. North-east corner of atrium. Doorway to room A5.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. July 2018. Doorway to room A5, in north-east corner of atrium.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

This room would have had a window in its east wall overlooking the roadway.

Ambiente A6. Room with panther mosaic

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. May 2018. Room A6 north side.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. May 2018.

Room A6, looking towards west wall with window to portico, north-west corner and north wall.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Room A6 north-west corner.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018.

Room A6, north wall with painted decoration in north-west corner.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Room A6, north-east corner.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Room A6, looking towards north-east corner.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A6, north side of the peristyle garden, during 2018 excavations. Looking east.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018.

Room A6, looking east through window from portico, during 2018 excavations. Looking towards doorway in east wall.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. East wall and doorway into atrium A12.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018.

Room A6, looking towards east wall and doorway into atrium A12, during 2018 excavations.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. Upper east wall.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018. Room A6, detail of upper east wall, during 2018 excavations.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. Upper east wall doorway.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018.

Room A6, detail of upper east wall and doorway to atrium, during 2018 excavations.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. Bronze candelabra by east wall doorway. 
Although already investigated by an exploratory trench and a tunnel dateable to the first modern investigations, in the corner of this room an elegant bronze candelabra was found, resting on the floor. 
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. Bronze candelabra by east wall doorway.

Although already investigated by an exploratory trench and a tunnel dateable to the first modern investigations, in the corner of this room an elegant bronze candelabra was found, resting on the floor.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. Lower east wall doorway.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018. Room A6, doorway to atrium in lower east wall, during 2018 excavations.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. 
Bronze candelabra and terracotta vase by east wall doorway. 
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations.

Bronze candelabra and terracotta vase by east wall doorway.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. South wall and south-east corner.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018.

Room A6, east wall with doorway, south-east corner and south wall, during 2018 excavations.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. Part of mosaic floor with crocodile and boar and other animals.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. Part of mosaic floor with crocodile and boar and other animals.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. Part of mosaic floor with panther, eagle and goat and other animals.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. Room A6 during 2018 excavations. Part of mosaic floor with panther, eagle and goat and other animals.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

Ambiente A7. Tablinum

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Rooms A7 and A6 on the west side of the atrium A12.
Peristyle A19 with columns is behind and garden 11c at the rear. 
Photograph © Giuseppe Scarica, Ecampania.it.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Looking north-west across atrium A12.

Room A7, tablinum, on left, and room A6, centre left, on the west side of the atrium.

Portico A19 with columns is at the rear of the tablinum, with garden 11c at its rear.

Photograph © Giuseppe Scarica, Ecampania.it.

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. October 2019. Gromatic representation in the tablinum A7.
See Osanna M., Magli G., Ferro L. October 2019. Gromatics illustrations from newly discovered pavements in Pompeii. Cornell University, fig. 4. https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.13145v1

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. October 2019. Gromatic representation in the tablinum A7.

See Osanna M., Magli G., Ferro L. October 2019. Gromatics illustrations from newly discovered pavements in Pompeii. Cornell University, fig. 4. https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.13145v1

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. May 2018. Room A7, tablinum, upper north wall during excavations.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. May 2018. Room A7, tablinum, upper north wall during excavations.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. May 2018. Room A7, tablinum, upper south wall during excavations.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. May 2018. Room A7, tablinum, upper south wall during excavations.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

Ambiente A8. Room in south-west corner of atrium A12

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. 
Looking west across atrium towards doorways to rooms A8, A7 the tablinum, and A6 on the west side of the atrium A12.
Photograph © Giuseppe Scarica, Ecampania.it.
This room was possibly used as a day-room/salon or oecus. 
Originally it may have been used as a dining-room opening onto the garden portico, as seen by a blocked doorway in the west wall, opposite the entrance doorway, blocked and re-used as a cupboard.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018.

Looking west across atrium towards doorways to rooms A8, A7 the tablinum, and A6 on the west side of the atrium A12.

Photograph © Giuseppe Scarica, Ecampania.it.

This room was possibly used as a day-room/salon or oecus.

Originally it may have been used as a dining-room opening onto the garden portico, as seen by a blocked doorway in the west wall, opposite the entrance doorway, blocked and re-used as a cupboard.

 

Ambiente A9 is a room in an adjacent house (see V.2.21)

 

V.2.Pompeii. May 2018. Room A9, a room in an adjacent house. See V.2.21 for further pictures.
Photograph Massimo Osanna © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. May 2018. Room A9, a room in an adjacent house. See V.2.21 for further pictures.

Photograph Massimo Osanna © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

Ambiente A10. Triclinium with traces of burning

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. 
Looking north towards room A10, a triclinium (upper right of photo). 
This room was the largest of the house, rectangular in shape.
Numerous traces of burnt wood were discovered here in the lapilli, and signs of a fire can be seen on the decoration of the east wall.
See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 106). 
In the centre is room A6, garden area 11c is on the left, and portico A19 is full of people.  
Room A18, north ala, is on the centre right.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018.

Looking north towards room A10, a triclinium (upper right of photo).

This room was the largest of the house, rectangular in shape, and open onto the east portico.

Numerous traces of burnt wood were discovered here in the lapilli, and signs of a fire can be seen on the decoration of the east wall.

See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 106).

In the centre is room A6, garden area 11c is on the left, and portico A19 is full of people.  

Room A18, north ala, is on the centre right.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. June 2018. Room A10 visible through hole in north wall of room A6 during 2018 excavations.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. June 2018.

Room A10, on left, looking towards the north wall, visible through hole in north wall of room A6 during 2018 excavations.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Room A10, triclinium, with traces of a burnt couch on the floor.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Room A10, triclinium, with traces of a burnt couch on the floor.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Room A10, triclinium, with burnt wall and traces of a burnt couch on the floor.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.
According to Osanna,
“During the excavation, numerous burned wooden fragments appeared, together with an obvious concentration of inorganic burnt materials, found near the eastern wall of the room. During the eruption there had to have been a fire limited to this room of the house, which caused the combustion and subsequent mineralization of the elements of organic materials. The silhouette of the burning remaining on the eastern decorated wall of the room, of the peculiar shape (of the burn) inclined towards the south, together with that identified on the southern wall suggest that the first collapse of the ceiling had occurred in the south-east corner of the room. The collapse that led to new oxygen entering the room, must have fed and given new strength to the fire in progress. Indeed, it was precisely at this corner of the room that the largest number of fragments of the roofing were found superimposed on the burned wood material.

Among the numerous burned wooden elements, fragments of charred material stood out, characterized by an extremely vacuous and spongy structure, which could be identified as padding of a mattress. An extraordinary fact is that many of these fragments of organic material were adhered to pieces of fabric, evidently what remained of the fabrics that covered the couch (see fig. 20, p.107 in book). 

In direct contact with the floor, moreover, where one also saw carbon and strips of straw-like trellising pertaining to the collapse of the ceiling, one could also see two large regular carbonised traces, which had an L-shape. The ample black marks, without a shadow of doubt, refer to the presence of a pair of couches arranged with every probability along the walls. Indeed, there could have been a third couch, which might have been removed due to the renovation taking place in the house.”
See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 106-8).

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Room A10, triclinium, with burnt wall and traces of a burnt couch on the floor.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

According to Osanna,

During the excavation, numerous burned wooden fragments appeared, together with an obvious concentration of inorganic burnt materials, found near the eastern wall of the room. During the eruption there had to have been a fire limited to this room of the house, which caused the combustion and subsequent mineralization of the elements of organic materials. The silhouette of the burning remaining on the eastern decorated wall of the room, of the peculiar shape (of the burn) inclined towards the south, together with that identified on the southern wall suggest that the first collapse of the ceiling had occurred in the south-east corner of the room. The collapse that led to new oxygen entering the room, must have fed and given new strength to the fire in progress. Indeed, it was precisely at this corner of the room that the largest number of fragments of the roofing were found superimposed on the burned wood material.

 

Among the numerous burned wooden elements, fragments of charred material stood out, characterized by an extremely vacuous and spongy structure, which could be identified as padding of a mattress. An extraordinary fact is that many of these fragments of organic material were adhered to pieces of fabric, evidently what remained of the fabrics that covered the couch (see fig. 20, p.107 in book).

 

In direct contact with the floor, moreover, where one also saw carbon and strips of straw-like trellising pertaining to the collapse of the ceiling, one could also see two large regular carbonised traces, which had an L-shape. The ample black marks, without a shadow of doubt, refer to the presence of a pair of couches arranged with every probability along the walls. Indeed, there could have been a third couch, which might have been removed due to the renovation taking place in the house.”

See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 106-8).

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Room A10, triclinium, with burnt material on the floor.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Room A10, triclinium, with burnt material on the floor.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

Ambiente A11. Room with first style decoration

 

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. March 2019. 
Looking south across atrium towards doorway to room A11 (left) with first style decoration. 
Room A13, the south ala, is to the right.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.
The doorway to room A11 would have had a door (as shown by the two typical recesses visible along the jambs in parallel limestone blocks, just over a metre and a half above the ground level, functional to the lodging of the closing pole/stake/bolt, and a high window opening in the south wall which took light from an open area of the nearby House of Adonis (V.2.21).
This room would have been used as a cubiculum, although at the time of the eruption it may have been used for something else. 
The walls contained many holes (which together with hinges and iron nails found in the lapilli) indicated the presence of shelves and shelving, so possibly the room was being used as a storeroom. 
See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 100).

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. March 2019.

Looking south across atrium towards doorway to room A11 (left) with first style decoration.

Room A13, the south ala, is to the right.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

The doorway to room A11 would have had a door (as shown by the two typical recesses visible along the jambs in parallel limestone blocks, just over a metre and a half above the ground level, functional to the lodging of the closing pole/stake/bolt, and a high window opening in the south wall which took light from an open area of the nearby House of Adonis (V.2.21), (see A2 in this house).

This room would have been used as a cubiculum, although at the time of the eruption it may have been used for something else.

The walls contained many holes (which together with hinges and iron nails found in the lapilli) indicated the presence of shelves and shelving, so possibly the room was being used as a storeroom.

See Osanna M, 2019. Pompei. Il tempo ritrovato. Le Nuove Scoperte. Milano: Rizzoli (p. 100).

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Room A11 in centre of south side of atrium A12. Restoration in progress in 1st style room of 2nd C BC.
The holes from the Bourbon tunnel can be seen in the east and west walls.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Looking south.

Room A11 in centre of south side of atrium A12. Restoration in progress in 1st style room of 2nd C BC.

The holes from the Bourbon tunnel can be seen in the east and west walls.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Room A11 east wall.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018. Room A11, detail of east wall.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Room A11, west wall. A hole from the Bourbon tunnel.
The house was already partly excavated between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and rather compromised in several places by tunnels and trenches, still visible, which were the methods used for excavation in the Bourbon era.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018.

Room A11, south-west corner, showing west wall with a hole from the Bourbon tunnel into A13.

The house was already partly excavated between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and rather compromised in several places by tunnels and trenches, still visible, which were the methods used for excavation in the Bourbon era.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. 2018. Room A11 on south side of atrium. Numerous bronze, terracotta  and clay pots and jars were found on the floor.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. 2018. Room A11 on south side of atrium, looking towards doorway to atrium in north wall.

Numerous bronze, terracotta and clay pots and jars were found on the floor.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. August 2018. Room A11 north-west corner with 1st style décor and three handled terracotta urn.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. August 2018.

Room A11, north-west corner with 1st style décor and three handled terracotta urn.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

V.2.15 Pompeii. 2018. Room A11 on south side of atrium.
Bronze cauldron, trefoil jug and various clay jars found on floor.
Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

V.2.Pompeii. Casa di Orione. 2018. Room A11 on south side of atrium.

Bronze cauldron, trefoil jug and various clay jars found on floor.

Photograph © Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 09-Mar-2020 21:13