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II.8.6 Pompeii. House of the Garden of Hercules or House of the Perfumer.

Excavated 1953, 1971 and 1987. Restored 1988.

 

Part 5      Part 6      Part 1      Part 2      Part 3      Part 4

 

1973 Jashemski excavations.

 

According to Wilhelmina, her first objective in the 1973 summer work season was to finish the excavations in the garden of Hercules.

 

As they continued their work in the garden of Hercules, they removed the rest of the large pile of original lapilli under which the previous year, they had found the zappa (hoe) and the martellina (pick). The unique soil contours here were in mint condition.

They found evidence of other beds, as they cleared the garden. The garden had been laid out in wide beds which had been separated by water channels.

Rain water from the roof was collected into a dolium on either side of the doorway and also into a nearby pool.

Additional water, which would have had to be carried to the garden, was poured from the street side through an amphora tip (with end broken off) inserted in the east end of the north wall, to fill the dolium embedded in the north-east corner of the garden.

When the dolium overflowed, the water continued to flow in the channel along the east wall, and eventually along the south wall.

According to Wilhelmina, there were also channels found along the north and south walls.

 

Wilhelmina asked the question – What was grown in the garden of Hercules?

She answered by saying the postholes around the triclinium were those of an arboured pergola, the root cavities were those of grape vines to give shade.

A few tree-root cavities were found, mostly in the water-channels.

Three larger tree-root cavities were found along the walls, seven in the garden, plus a number of smaller ones.

The largest near the cistern was identified as having the shape and size of a very old olive root.

The small carbonized fruit found near the altar, were later identified as cherries, and most likely this could have been another of the trees found.

 

In the tree-root cavities along the walls, terracotta pots were found (8 almost complete and fragments of 2 others) which were similar to those found in the garden of the House of the Ship Europa. One pot was left in the soil so as not to destroy a root cavity. When this was examined, it had the appearance of a lemon tree root.

 

The careful provision for watering these beds make it clear that one of two things were grown here, flowers of vegetables, perhaps some of both. Pompeii was famous for its flower culture in antiquity, as it is today. Perhaps the flowers were grown for perfume or ointments. Many glass bottles were found in the house and many fragments of glass perfume bottles and terracotta unguent containers in the garden. Olive oil was an important base used in making perfumes and unguents ; this could have been supplied by the large olive tree.

 

Wilhelmina tried in vain to locate the mosaic that Della Corte reported finding on the threshold where it would be encountered by customers entering the house.

Spelled out in small white tesserae were the words CRAS CREDO which can be translated as the cryptic warning « I will give credit tomorrow ».

Many lines scratched on the columns and walls of the atrium were apparently the accounts of the proprietor, which are frequently found at Pompeii.

See Jashemski, W.F., 2014. Discovering the Gardens of Pompeii: Memoirs of a Garden Archaeologist, (p.205, p.206, p.207 and p.210)

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking east along south side of site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0202

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking east along south side of site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Clearing around the tree root near south end of site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0206

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Clearing around the tree root near south end of site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. South-east corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0249

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. South-east corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north-west. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0251

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north-west. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Finds from the soil. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0252

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Finds from the soil. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Digging out a large root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0254

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Digging out a large root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Discussion between Wilhelmina and Sig. Sicignano over the expanding root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0255

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Discussion between Wilhelmina and Sig. Sicignano over the expanding root cavity.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0256

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Measuring and recording the large root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0257

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Measuring and recording the large root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Large root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0261

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Large root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0261

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Root cavities protected by stones. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0278

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Root cavities protected by stones. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north-west across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0279

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north-west across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0279

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking south-east across protected large root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0281

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking south-east across protected large root cavity. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0281

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north-east across site across large root cavity.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0282

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north-east across site across large root cavity.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0282

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking east. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0283

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking east. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking south towards triclinium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0284

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking south towards triclinium and south-east corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. South end, looking south-west. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0285

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. South end, looking south-west. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0285

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking towards south-east corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0286

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking towards south-east corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking towards north-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0287

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking towards north-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0287

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Root cavities and furrows. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0288

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Root cavities and furrows. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Large dolium near north wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0318

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Large dolium near north wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Finishing emptying the dolium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0319

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Finishing emptying the dolium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Wilhelmina with her helpers at the side of the dolium, together with the lapilli emptied out of it. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0321

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Wilhelmina with her helpers at the side of the dolium, together with the lapilli emptied out of it.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0321

 

II.8.6 Pompeii. 1972 photo for comparison with ones below. North-east corner before excavation. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0676

II.8.6 Pompeii. 1972 photo for comparison with ones below. North-east corner before excavation. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. North-east corner of garden area, excavation of final amount of lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0324

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. North-east corner of garden area, excavation of final amount of lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north in north-east corner of garden area, the north wall has now been cleared and a buried dolium is visible, on the right. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0336

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973.

Looking north in north-east corner of garden area, the north wall has now been cleared and a buried dolium is visible, on the right.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Area of restored house now, lapilli not yet cleared, looking north. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0337

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Area of restored house now, lapilli not yet cleared, looking north. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0337

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north in north-east corner, of house area and garden. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0343

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north in north-east corner, of house area and garden. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Buried dolium in north-east corner of garden area.
Wilhelmina demonstrating how water for irrigation would have entered the dolium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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According to Wilhelmina, “Additional water, which would have had to be carried to the garden, was poured from the street side through an amphora tip (with end broken off) inserted in the east end of the north wall, which would fill the dolium  embedded in the north-east corner of the garden. When the dolium overflowed, the water continued to flow in the channel along the east wall, and eventually along the south wall.
According to Wilhelmina, there were also channels found along the north and south walls.” 
See Jashemski, W.F., 2014. Discovering the Gardens of Pompeii: Memoirs of a Garden Archaeologist, (p.205).

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Buried dolium in north-east corner of garden area.

Wilhelmina demonstrating how water for irrigation would have entered the dolium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0338

According to Wilhelmina, “Additional water, which would have had to be carried to the garden, was poured from the street side through an amphora tip (with end broken off) inserted in the east end of the north wall, which would fill the dolium embedded in the north-east corner of the garden. When the dolium overflowed, the water continued to flow in the channel along the east wall, and eventually along the south wall.

According to Wilhelmina, there were also channels found along the north and south walls.”

See Jashemski, W.F., 2014. Discovering the Gardens of Pompeii: Memoirs of a Garden Archaeologist, (p.205).

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1978. Buried dolium in north-east corner of garden area. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J78f0659

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1978. Buried dolium in north-east corner of garden area. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J78f0659

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north along east wall towards buried dolium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0802

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking north along east wall towards buried dolium.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Discovery of round soil formation. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0339

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Discovery of round soil formation. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0339

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Detail of round soil formation, with lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0341

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Detail of round soil formation, with lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0341

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Round soil formation after the removal of lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J73f0342
According to Wilhelmina, 
“A perfectly preserved bed was found, in which after rain, round formations were found; in the centre of each there had once been a very small plant, too small for lapilli to have preserved the root cavity. Around each plant was a depression for water.”  
See Jashemski, W.F., 2014. Discovering the Gardens of Pompeii: Memoirs of a Garden Archaeologist, (p.205).

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Round soil formation after the removal of lapilli. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0342

According to Wilhelmina,

“A perfectly preserved bed was found, in which after rain, round formations were found; in the centre of each there had once been a very small plant, too small for lapilli to have preserved the root cavity. Around each plant was a depression for water.”  

See Jashemski, W.F., 2014. Discovering the Gardens of Pompeii: Memoirs of a Garden Archaeologist, (p.205).

 

II.8.3 Pompeii, 1973. Removing the lapilli, looking towards the south-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0326

II.8.3 Pompeii, 1973. Removing the lapilli, looking across the site towards the south-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0326

 

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking across the site towards the north-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J73f0329

II.8.6 Pompeii, 1973. Looking across the site towards the north-west corner. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J73f0329

 

Part 6

 

Part 1      Part 2      Part 3      Part 4     

 

 

The low resolution pictures on this site are copyright © of Jackie and Bob Dunn and MAY NOT IN ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE USED FOR GAIN OR REWARD COMMERCIALLY. On concession of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo - Parco Archeologico di Pompei. It is declared that no reproduction or duplication can be considered legitimate without the written authorization of the Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

Le immagini fotografiche a bassa risoluzione pubblicate su questo web site sono copyright © di Jackie e Bob Dunn E NON POSSONO ESSERE UTILIZZATE, IN ALCUNA CIRCOSTANZA, PER GUADAGNO O RICOMPENSA COMMERCIALMENTE. Su concessione del Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo - Parco Archeologico di Pompei. Si comunica che nessun riproduzione o duplicazione può considerarsi legittimo senza l'autorizzazione scritta del Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 22-Oct-2018 14:43